Thursday, 11 December 2014

Kenya : Two trips 1989 and 1991

                                                 
                                                         KENYA
                                      


                                            13TH OCTOBER, 1989

                                                            TO

                                            3RD NOVEMBER, 1989

                                         J.F. & MRS. D.R.COOPER
                                                      
                                                          AND

                  17TH NOVEMBER, 1991

                    TO

                    6TH DECEMBER, 1991

                                          J.F. & MRS. D.R.COOPER

                      (WITH BIRDQUEST)

                                                    ITINERARY

13th October, 1989. Arrived Nairobi mid-morning and transferred to the Serena Hotel.
Afternoon visit to Nairobi National Park and stayed to dusk.
Overnight at the Serena Hotel, Nairobi.


Nairobi National Park.

14th October, 1989 Morning visit to Central Park Nairobi. Mid-day shopping Nairobi 
Centre. Afternoon visit to Nairobi National Park, overnight at the 
Serena Hotel, Nairobi.

15th October, 1989 Early morning visit to Central Park, Nairobi. Collected at 08.00 hrs
for drive to Tsavo West Game Park stopping en route at Hunters 
Lodge for an hour. Arrived at Kilguni Lodge, Tsavo West, and 
spent several hours birding in the Lodge grounds. Went out on a 
game drive at 16.00 hrs. until dark. Overnight at Kilguni Lodge.



                                                Tsavo West Game Park

16th October, 1989 Early morning birding around the Lodge. Drive to Amboseli Nat.
Park and booked into the Serena Lodge. Game drive from 16.00 
hrs. until dark, and overnight at Serena Lodge.


                                             Amboseli National Park

17th October, 1989 Early morning game drive. Birding around lodge during the day.
Afternoon  game drive and overnight at Serena Lodge.

18th October, 1989 Departed at 07.00 hrs for 7 hour drive to Outspan Hotel in the
Aberdares, stopping briefly in Nairobi. Spent afternoon, until dark
birding around the Hotel with a walk down to nearby river. 
Overnight in the Outspan Hotel.


                                               Outspan Hotel, Aberdares

19th October, 1989 Early morning birding in Hotel gardens. Departed at 08.00 hrs for
Samburu and booked into the Samburu Lodge. Game drive at 
16.00 hrs. until dark and overnight at Samburu Lodge, looking
for Nightjars  in the floodlights.


                                            Buffalo Springs, Samburu.

20th October, 1989 Early morning game drive. Birding in the lodge grounds during the 
day with another game drive in the afternoon until dark. Overnight
Samburu Lodge.

21st October, 1989 Early morning birding around the Lodge. Drove to Outspan Hotel 
in the Aberdares and then transferred to Treetops. Birding from 
Treetops until dark and during the night, with the floodlights


                                                             Treetops

22nd October, 1989 Early morning birding at Treetops, drove over the Aberdares 
stopping en route for an hour at Thompsons Falls. Drove on to
Lake Baringo and booked into the Lake Baringo Club. Birding in 
the grounds and along the shore until dark.


                                   View taken from the drive to Lake Baringo

23rd October, 1989 Early morning birding along Lake Baringo shore followed by a
visit to the nearby cliff face before a late breakfast. Three hour 
boat trip on Lake Baringo with J.Clements. Afternoon birding
in the Club grounds with walk along shore and nearby scrub land.
Overnight at Lake Baringo Club.


                                 Birding around the shore of Lake Baringo

24th October, 1989 Early morning birding along the shore and in the Club grounds.
Drove to Lake Nakuru spending 3 hours birding before moving 
on to Lake Naivasha, booking into the Lake Naivasha Hotel.
Afternoon and evening birding in the hotel grounds


                             Lake Nakuru with its Lesser Flamingoes.


                             Our accommodation chalet at Lake Navasha


                                                      Lake Navasha

25th October, 1989 Early morning birding around hotel. Boat trip out onto Lake 
Navasha. Afternoon, drove to Masai Mara Game Reserve.
Overnight, at Keerorok Lodge with birding until dark in the 
grounds.


                            John and Doreen at the Keekorok Lodge, Masai Mara



                                 Views taken in the Masai Mara Reserve

26th October, 1989 All morning game drive in the Masai Mara. Birding at Keekorok
Lodge grounds with a further game drive in the late afternoon 
until dark. Overnight at Keekorok Lodge.

27th October, 1989 Game drive at 6.00 hrs in the Masai Mara. Departed at 10.00 hrs.
for drive to Nairobi Airport stopping en route for a meal.
Flight to Malindi, and booked into Silversands Hotel, for a week.


                 John and Doreen at their chalet in the Silversands Hotel, Malindi


                                               Waders in Malindi Harbour

28th October, 1989 Early morning walk along beach by Hotel. Arranged car hire from 
hotel and drove out to Watamu via Gedi. Late afternoon visit to
pools on Malindi golf course, and drove to Sabaki River Bridge.
Evening look for Bat Hawk near hotel.

29th October, 1989 Morning visit to Kilifi Ferry birding en route and then along coast
road at Balfour, parking on beach. Afternoon visit to Sokoe Forest,
with late afternoon visit to North Beach, Malindi looking for Bat 
Hawk near the Airport.

                30th October, 1989 All morning birding at Gedi Ruins Forest. Visited shoreline at 
Watamu and looked at Midas Creek and arranged boat trip for the
1st. Visited Malindi Harbour Beach with afternoon visit back to 
Gedi Forest. Another look for Bat Hawk at Malindi in evening

31st October, 1989 Birded a number of coastal sites around Malindi and also again 
visited Sabaki River Bridge. Afternoon visit to Sabaki Swamp and 
river. Evening looking for Bat Hawk with success at the junction 
of the golf course road.

1st November, 1989 Dawn visit to Sokoke Forest. Mid-day birding at Malindi Harbour 
Beach, with tide just coming in. Afternoon boat trip out into Midas
Creek from Watamu, with the tide nearly in


                         Midas Creek near Watamu, the Crab Plover site

2nd November, 1989 Dawn visit to Sokoe Forest. Visited Casturina Point and coast road
with afternoon visit to Malindi Harbour Beach and Sabaki River
Bridge

         3rd November, 1989 Dawn visit to Sokoe Forest. Early afternoon visit to Malindi 
Harbour Beach.  Early evening flight to Nairobi and overnight
flight to Heathrow.

SECOND TRIP

17th November,1991 Flew into Nairobi Airport, and visited Lake Magadi via the Ngong 
Hills. Returned to Nairobi, and visited Nairobi National Park in the 
                Afternoon, and stayed until dark


                                                      Lake Magadi

18th November, 1991 Early morning visit to the Kinangop Plateau and then on to Kieni 
Forest. Brief stop at the Tana River Road Bridge and looked from 
the bridge. On to Pukeny and then Mountain Lodge. Overnight at
Mountain Lodge, Mount Kenya.


                On our way up to Mountain Lodge one of the mini-buses turned over
                on the very slippery road upto the lodge.


                           View from Mountain Lodge overlooking the water hole.

19th November, 1991 All morning birding at Mountain Lodge and then drove to Naro 
Moru Lodge, birding in the Lodge grounds and then all afternoon
going up Mt. Kenya. Overnight at the lodge


                                View of Mt.Kenya in the early morning.

20th November, 1991 Early morning birding at Moru Lodge, we drove to Marau Forest 
and walked the Siranun Track. Continued drive to Samburu Game
Reserve, birding en route

21st November, 1991 All day spent in Samburu Game Reserve.

22nd November,1991 Early morning drive through Samburu Game Reserve, and then 
long drive northwards to Marsabit stopping several times en route.
Birding late afternoon around Marsabit Lodge and overnight here


                                Taita Falcon breeding site near Samburu.

23rd November, 199 Whole day birding in the Dida Galgalla Desert, overnight at lodge




                                  Views taken in the Dida Galgalla Desert


                                   Camel train in the Dida Galgalla Desert

24th November, 1991 Morning birding out in the Dida Galgalla Desert, afternoon visited
Marsabit National Park and visited Lake Paradise. Overnight lodge

25th November, 1991 Long drive from Marsabit to Maralal birding en route at a plateau
close to Maralal. Overnight Maralal Safari Lodge.

26th November, 1991 Early morning birding at the Maralal Safari Lodge, then drove 
southwards via the Rift Valley to Lake Baringo, stopping en route
at Kapedo. Birding here and then on to Lake Baringo Club.


                                          Sunset over Lake Baringo

27th November, 1991 All morning birding at Lake Baringo and cliff face and then drove
to Lake Nakuru for evening birding.

28th November, 1991 Morning birding at Lake Nakuru and then drove to Kakamega,
birding in the Kakamega Forest late afternoon.


Lake Nakuru with a rainbow

29th November, 1991 All day birding in the Kakamega Forest.

30th November, 1991 Early morning visit to River Nzoia (Mumias), and then onto 
Madende creek, and River Nzoia.

1st December, 1991 All morning birding in the Kakamega Forest and short drive to
Kisumu, with late afternoon birding around edge of Lake Victoria

2nd December, 1991 Morning birding around Kisumu, then drove to Lake Naivasha,
birding en route. Late afternoon birding at Lake Naivasha

3rd December, 1991  Morning birding at Lake Naivasha and then drive to the Kichwa
Tenbo Lodge in the Masai Mira, birding around lodge

4th December, 1991 All day birding in the Masai Mara.

5th December, 1991 All day birding in the Masai Mara.

6th December, 1991 Early morning birding around Kichwa Tenbo Lodge, then long
drive back to Nairobi stopping twice en route. Evening flight back 
to Heathrow arriving 7th December, 1991.


The species account follows “Birds of Kenya and Northern Tanzania” 1996 by Zimmerman, Turner and Pearson.



Common Ostrich – Struthio camelus
Seen on 9 dates in the Game Parks with a daily maximum of 25 on the 13th and 30 on the 14th in Nairobi Nat. Park. It was also seen occasionally outside of the parks.
1991 Trip
Recorded on six dates with a maximum of 20 on the 17th and 21st.


Common Ostrich

Great Crested Grebe – Podiceps cristatus infuscatus
1991 Trip
Just 2 seen on the 27th

Black Necked Grebe – Podiceps nigricollis gurneyi
An impressive count, of up to 100, on Lake Nakuru on the 24th
1991 Trip
200 seen on Lake Nakuru on the 27th.

Little Grebe – Tachybaptus ruficollis capensis
One present in Nairobi Nat. Pk. On the 14th, with good numbers present on Lake Naivasha, on the 24th and 25th.
1991 Trip
Recorded on 8 dates with a maximum of 300 on Lake Nakuru on the 27th

Great White Pelican – Pelecanus onocrotalus
Up to 300 seen on our brief visit to Lake Nakuru on the 24th
1991 Trip
Recorded on 3 dates, with a maximum of 500 at Lake Nakuru on the 28th



                                                            Great White Pelicans 

Pink Backed Pelican – Pelecanus rufescens
Up to 200 present on Lake Nakuru on the 24th, with 10 on Lake Naivasha on the 25th. One at Treetops on the 21st, and small numbers present on Lake Baringo, on the 22nd and 23rd.
1991 Trip
Recorded in small numbers on six dates with a maximum of 30 on the 2nd

Great Cormorant – Phalacrocorax carbo lucidus
One seen in Nairobi Nat. Pk., on the 14th. Very large numbers present on both Lake Nakuru and Naivasha on the 24th, and 25th.
1991 Trip
Recorded on five dates.

Long Tailed Cormorant – Phalacrocorax africanus africanus
Good numbers seen at Lake Naivasha on the 24th and 25th, with 15 seen at Sabaki Swamp on the 31st.
1991 Trip
Recorded on six dates in small numbers.

African Darter – Anhinga rufa
Just 3 seen at Sabaki Swamp on the 31st.


                                                              Male African Darter 

Black Crowned Night Heron – Nycticorax nycticorax nycticorax
Surprisingly, only seen at Lake Baringo with 1 on the 23rd, and 4 on the 24th.
1991 Trip
Just a single bird seen on the 27th.

Cattle Egret – Bubulcus ibis ibis
Widespread, and common, and recorded on most dates, with a maximum of 100 on the 18th and 24th.
1991 Trip
Recorded on ten dates.

Little Egret – Egretta garzetta garzetta
Seen on the Rift Valley Lakes, and at the coast with a daily maximum of 12 on the 25th.
1991 Trip
Recorded on 7 dates with a maximum of 50 on the 28th at Lake Nakuru.

Western Reef Heron – Egretta gularis schistacea
One, possibly 2 seen at Midas Creek, on the 1st.

Black Heron – Egretta ardesiaca
1991 Trip
Two seen at Lake Baringo on the 26th, and 27th and 2 seen on the 2nd at Lake Naviasha


                                                                      Black Herons

Squacco Heron – Ardeola ralloides
Fairly widespread in suitable areas. Recorded on seven dates with a maximum of 35 at Lake Baringo on the 23rd.
1991 Trip
Just 2 seen on the 27th.

Rufous Bellied Heron – Ardeola rufiventris
1991 Trip
Four found in a swamp in the Masai Mara on the 5th, but chiefly seen in flight


                                                        Male Rufous Bellied Heron

Green Backed (Striated) Heron – Butorides striatus atricapillus
1991 Trip
Just 2 singles seen, the first on the 21st at Samburu, and the second on the 30th.

Yellow Billed (Intermediate) Egret – Mesophoyx intermedia brachyrhyncha
50 present at Amboseli on the 17th. Good numbers also seen at Lake Baringo, Naivasha and Nakuru with a maximum of 100 on the 24th.
1991 Trip
Just seen on three dates with a maximum of 6 on the 2nd.

Great White Egret – Casmerodius albus melanorhynchos
Small numbers seen on the Rift Valley Lakes but commoner on the coast. Daily maximum of 12, seen at Malindi on the 1st.
1991 Trip
Only recorded on 2 dates with 20 on the 2nd at Lake Naivasha


Great White Egret

Grey Heron – Ardea cinerea cinerea
Widespread and common, seen on all but 2 days.
1991 Trip
Recorded in small numbers on ten dates.

Purple Heron – Ardea purpurea purpurea
Seen at Lake Baringo and Lake Naivasha with a daily maximum of 10 on the 25th.

Goliath Heron – Ardea goliath
Two seen in Amboseli Nat. Pk. on the 17th. Small numbers recorded at Lake Baringo on the three dates with a maximum of 20 on the 23rd.
1991 Trip
Singles recorded on the 26th and 27th, with 4 on the 2nd.


Adult Goliath Heron 

Black Headed Heron – Ardea melanocephala
Small numbers seen at most suitable areas with a breeding colony at Hunters  Lodge near Nairobi on the 15th. It was recorded on 15 days but was not seen in the Masai Mara.
1991 Trip
Recorded on 8 dates with a maximum of 10 on the 2nd at Lake Naivasha


Adult Black-headed Heron

Hamerkop – Scopus umbretta umbretta
Seen only on five dates, with a maximum of 12 seen at Lake Baringo on the 22nd.  A number seen from the road around Nairobi on the 18th.
1991 Trip
Recorded on 13 dates with a maximum of 10 on the 18th 


Hammerkop

White Stork – Ciconia ciconia ciconia
Six seen at Lake Nakuru on the 24th.
1991 Trip
Recorded on three dates with a maximum of 12 on the 4th in the Masai Mara



White Storks

Black Stork – Ciconia nigra
1991 Trip
Just a single bird seen on the 17th in the Nairobi Nat. Pk.

Abdim’s Stork – Ciconia abdimii
1991 Trip
8 seen on the 20th with 2 on the 30th, and 20 on the 4th these were in the Masai Mara.


Abdim’s Stork

Woolly Necked Stork – Ciconia episcopus microscelis
Just one seen, flying over Midas Creek on the 29th.
1991 Trip
Just two singles seen on the 27th and 28th at Lake Nakuru

Saddle Billed Stork – Ephippiorhynchus senegalensis
An immature seen in the marshes at Lake Baringo on the 23rd and an adult seen at Lake Naviasha on the 24th and 25th. Superb!
1991 Trip
Just 2 seen on the 3rd at Lake Naivasha


Adult Saddle-billed Stork

Marabou Stork – Leptoptilus crumeniferus
Widespread and very common inland but not recorded at the coast.
1991 Trip
Recorded on 13 dates with a maximum of 50 on the 28th.


Marabou Storks

African Open Billed Stork – Anastomus lamelligerus lamelligerus
Up to 50 seen at Sabaki Swamp on the 31st, and this area looked an idea breeding site.
1991 Trip
One seen on the 1st with 8 seen on the 2nd


African Open-billed Storks

Yellow Billed Stork – Mycteria ibis
Small numbers seem at Samburu, Lake Baringo, Nakuru, and Naivasha and also along the coast. Daily maximum of 15 on the 24th.
1991 Trip
Recorded on 10 dates with a maximum of 10 on the 17th


Adult Yellow-billed Storks

Sacred Ibis – Threskiornis aethiopicus aethiopicus
Widespread, and seen at most locations, with a maximum of 130 on the Rift Valley Lakes on the 24th.
1991 Trip
Recorded on 11 dates with a maximum of 60 on the 2nd.


Sacred Ibises

Hadada Ibis – Bostrychia hagedash brevirostris
Seen on six dates including several in the park in the centre of Nairobi, but not seen at the coast.
1991 Trip
Recorded on 9 dates with a maximum of 15 on the 17th and 18th.


Adult Hadada Ibis

Glossy Ibis – One seen at Lake Naviasha on the 25th, and six at Sabaki Marsh on the 31st.
1991 Trip
Just recorded on four dates.

African Spoonbill – Platalea alba
Twelve, seen on the 24th at Lakes Nakuru and Naivasha, with one on the 28th at Sabake River, and three on the 31st at Sabaki Swamp.
1991 Trip
Recorded on 7 dates with a maximum of 80 on the 2nd



African Spoonbills

Greater Flamingo – Phoenicopterus (rubber) roseus
Four were seen at Lake Naivasha on the 25th.
1991 Trip
Recorded on three dates.

Lesser Flamingo – Phoeniconaias minor
In excess of a million birds seen at Lake Nakuru on the 24th. An amazing sight.
1991 Trip
Recorded on four dates, as usual huge numbers seen on Lake Nakuru



Lesser Flamingoes

Fulvous Whistling Duck – Dendrocygna bicolour
A party of 15 feeding in water meadows at Lake Naivasha on the 24th.

White Faced Whistling Duck – Dendrocygna viduata
A party of 8 at Lake Baringo on the 22nd and 23rd.
1991 Trip
Recorded on 4 dates with a maximum of 50 on the 27th, and 30 on the 2nd.

White Backed Duck – Thalassornis leuconotus leuconotus
1991 Trip
Twenty seen on the 24th on Lake Paradise, Mt. Marsabit.

Egyptian Goose – Alopochen aegyptiacus
Widespread, and common. Not recorded on the coast but 8 present on the Sabaki River on the 31st. Maximum of 100 seen on the Rift Valley Lakes on the 24th and 25th.
1991 Trip
Recorded on 15 dates.


Pair of Egyptian Geese

Knob-Billed Duck – Sarkidiornis melanotos melanotos
1991 Trip
Two found on the 21st at Samburu.

African Black Duck – Anas sparsa leucostigma
1991 Trip
Just a single bird seen on the 20th.

Cape Teal (Wigeon) – Anas capensis
1991 Trip
Six seen on the 28th, at Lake Nakuru.

Garganey – Anas querquedula
20 seen on Lake Baringo on the 23rd,and 4 at Lake Naivasha on the 25th.
1991 Trip
Small numbers recorded on 4 dates, with a maximum of 30 on the 2nd at Lake Naivasha.


Female type Garganey

Northern Pintail – Anas acuta acuta
1991 Trip
Small numbers recorded on 3 dates with a maximum of 6 on the 2nd.

Yellow Billed Duck – Anas undulata
Seen at Lake Naivasha with 5 on the 24th and 100 on the 25th.
1991 Trip
Small numbers recorded on 6 dates with a maximum of 40 on Lake Naivasha on the 2nd.



Yellow-billed Duck

Red Billed Teal – Anas erythrorhyncha
Seen at Lake Naviasha with 10 on the 24th and 12 on the 25th.
1991 Trip
Up to 20 on a day recorded on 5 days.


Red-billed Teal

Hottentot Teal – Anas hottentota
Seen at Lake Naviasha with 1 on the 24th and 50 on the 25th.
1991 Trip
Recorded on 5 dates with a maximum of 100 on the 2nd at Lake Naivasha.




Hottentot Teals

Northern Shoveler – Anas clypeata
1991 Trip
Just 2 seen on the 24th on Lake Paradise, Marsabit National Park.

Southern Pochard – Netta erythrophthalma brunnea
Seen at Lake Naviasha with 1 on the 24th and 150 on the 25th.
1991 Trip
Recorded on 7 dates in fair numbers with a maximum of 200 on the 24th on Lake Paradise


Southern Pochards

Maccoa Duck – Oxyura maccoa
Just a single bird seen on the 27th.

Secretary Bird – Sagittarius serpentarius
Two seen at Tsavo West on the 15th, Four seen in the Amboseli area on the 18th. Two on the 19th at Samburu with another one there on the 20th. Finally, one seen on the drive from Lake Baringo to Lake Nykuru on the 24th.  Superb and one of the birds of the trip!
1991 Trip
Odd birds recorded on six dates with a maximum of 3 on the 3rd in the Masai Mara.




Secretary Birds

Osprey – Pandion haliaetus haliaetus
Only seen at the coast. The first on the 30th and again on the 1st, both in the Midas Creek area.
1991 Trip
Just two singles seen, on the 22nd and the 24th.

African Cuckoo-Hawk – Aviceda cuculoides verreauxii
1991 Trip
Two, well seen, on the 19th in woodland close to Mt. Kenya. 

Bat Hawk – Macheiramphus alcinus anderssoni
After several evenings of searching, one gave superb views during the evening of the 31st at the junction of Golf Course Road, Malindi.

Black Shouldered Kite – Elanus caeruleus caeruleus
Seen virtually daily, but not as common near the coast and we did not record it at Samburu. Up to 12 seen on the drive from Nairobi to Tsavo West on the 15th and a total of 49 birds were logged during the trip.
1991 Trip
Recorded on 7 dates with a maximum of 6 on the 17th in the Nairobi area.

African Swallow-Tailed Kite – Chelictinia riocourii
1991 Trip
Three of the superb kites, were seen on the 21st in Samburu game park and 1 was seen on the 25th on the drive to Maralal. One of the highlights of the trip!


Record shot of an African Swallow-tailed Kite.

Black Kite – Milvus migrans
Seen virtually daily both inland and at the coast especially around villages and towns. Good numbers were also seen in Nairobi.
1991 Trip
Seen almost daily with a maximum of 30 on the 1st.


Black (Yellow-billed) Kite

Egyptian Vulture – Neophron percnopterus percnopterus
1991 Trip
Odd birds seen on four dates with up to 3 on a day.

Hooded Vulture – Necrosyrtes monachus pileatus
Singles recorded on the 17th, 19th, and 26th in the game parks, but may have been overlooked.
1991 Trip
Small numbers recorded on 7 dates with a maximum of 12 on the 1st and 5th.



Juvenile Hooded Vultures

African White Backed Vulture – Gyps africanus
The commonest vulture and seen in all the game reserves, with up to 70 on a day being seen. Not recorded in the Abardares or at the Rift Valley Lakes. Surprisingly, one flew over the coast road near Malandi on the 31st.
1991 Trip
Good numbers recorded on 9 dates in the game parks with a maximum of 100 on the 4th in the Masai Mara.


Adult and Juveniles White-backed Vultures

Ruppell’s Griffon Vulture – Gyps rueppellii rueppellii
Only identified on four dates in the game parks, but probably overlooked.
1991 Trip
Only odd birds recorded on 3 dates, with 2 on the 25th, with 1 on the 4th and 4 on the 5th in the Masai Mara.


Adult Ruppels Vulture

Lappet Faced Vulture – Torgos tracheliotus tracheliotus
Seen in Nairobi Nat. Pk. with 2 on the 13th and 1 feeding on a carcass on the 14th.  Four seen on the 17th at Amboseli with 2 on the 26th and 1 on the 27th in the Masai Mara.
1991 Trip
One seen on the 22nd in Samburu, 4 on the 25th on the drive from Marsabit, and 3 on the 4th in the Masai Mara



Adult Lappet-face

White Headed Vulture – Trigonoceps occipitalis
Three seen together in Amboseli on the 17th.
1991 Trip
Just 4 seen on the 5th including one on a nest in the Masai Mara


Juvenile White-headed Vulture

Black Chested Snake Eagle – Circaetus pectoralis
One seen at Samburu on the 20th,and 4 in the air together on the 26th in the Masai Mara.
1991 Trip
Three singles seen on the 17th in Nairobi Nat. Pk., and 4th and 5th in the Masai Mara. One was considered to be a Short-toed Eagle – Circaetus gallicus.


Adult Black-chested Snake Eagle

Brown Snake Eagle – Circaetus cinereus
A single bird seen near Lake Baringo on the 23rd and 24th.
1991 Trip
Just a single bird identified on the 21st, at Samburu.

Southern Banded Snake Eagle – Circaetus fasciolatus
One tentatively identified on the journey from Nairobi to Tsavo West on the 15th, and a second bird identified on the journey to Amboseli on the 16th.  According to Zimmerman et al, it’s an uncommon resident to coastal forests.

Banded Snake Eagle – Circaetus cinereus
1991 Trip
Two seen on the 30th near Kakemega, and 2 on the 5th in the Masai Mara


Adult Banded Snake Eagle

Bateleur – Terathopius ecaudatus
Small numbers seen on eight dates in various National Parks with a daily maximum of 7 on the 16th at Tsavo West and Amboseli.
1991 Trip
Recorded on 8 dates in the game parks with a maximum of 6 on the 22nd at Samburu


Juvenile Bateleur


Adult Bateleur

African Harrier Hawk – Polyboroides typus typus
Just four seen on the 29th near Midas Creek.
1991 Trip
Singles recorded on four dates, 19th, 21st, 24th and 30th.

Pallid Harrier – Circus macrourus
A fine male seen on the 14th in Nairobi Nat.Pk., and a second male seen on the 27th in the Masai Mara
1991 Trip
A male seen on the 17th in Nairobi Nat. Pk. and 2 males seen on the 6th on the drive from the Masai Mara.

Montagu’s Harrier – Circus pygargus
A male seen on the 17th at Amboseli
1991 Trip
A female seen on the 24th, with a male on the 25th, 2 on the 3rd and singles on the 5th and 6th.

Eurasian Marsh Harrier – Circus aeruginosus aeruginosus
1991 Trip
An adult male seen on the 23rd out in the Dida Galgala Desert

Harrier Sp. Circus Macrourus/Pygargus
One ring-tailed seen on the 15th at Tsavo West, with 2 rint-taileds on the 19th at Samburu.

African Marsh Harrier – Circus ranivorus
One identified as this species was seen at Lake Baringo on the 23rd. 

Gabar Goshawk – Micronisus gabar aequatorius
One seen on the 19th at Samburu, with another on the 23rd at Lake Baringo  Other sightings of “hawks” were made but not positively identified.
1991 Trip
Only seen on 2 dates in the Maralal area with 1 on the 25th and 3 on the 26th


Adult Gabar Goshawk

Dark Chanting Goshawk – Melierax metabates metabates
Two seen at Lake Baringo on the 23rd, with one on the 24th. Three seen on the Masai Mara on the 27th.
1991 Trip
Two seen at Lake Baringo on the 26th and 27th and 1 on the 3rd on the drive to the Masai Mara


Adult Dark Chanting Goshawk

Eastern Pale Chanting Goshawk – Melierax poliopterus
One seen on the 15th and 16th at Tsavo West. Two on the 19th at Samburu with a further 5 here on the 20th. Two on the 25th on the drive to the Masai Mara. A single bird seen at Samburu on the 21st was considered to be a Dark Chanting Goshawk but according to Zimmerman et al., this would appear to be out of range.
1991 Trip
One seen on the 20th, with 2 on the 21st at Samburu, 1 on the 22nd and 1 on the 23rd in the Dida-Galgala Desert

African Goshawk – Accipiter tachiro
1991 Trip
One seen on the 24th at Marsabit, and one on the 1st at Kakemega.

Shikra – Accipiter badius sphenurus
Three seen at the cliff face at Lake Baringo on the 23rd.
1991 Trip
Three singles recorded on the 21st, 27th and 1st.


Adult male Shikra

Little Sparrowhawk – Accipiper minullus tropicalis
One seen well on the 30th in Gedi Forest.  Small hawks seen on several other dates probably related to this species.
1991 Trip
Singles seen on the 24th at Marsabit, and on the 3rd at Lake Naivasha.

Rufous Breasted Sparrowhawk – Accipiter rufiventris rufiventris
1991 Trip
One seen on the 17th in the Nairobi area.

Great Sparrowhawk – Accipiter melanoleucus melanoleucus
One flew through the Outspan Hotel grounds in the Aberdares on the 18th.
1991 Trip
Singles seen on the 17th, 19th and the 1st

Lizard Buzzard – Kaupifalco monogrammicus monogrammicus
Seen on six dates along the Malindi – Gedi coast road, but no more than 2 on a day, and not seen inland.


Lizard Buzzard

Common (Steppe) Buzzard – Buteo buteo vulpinus
Only one seen on the 16th Amboseli.
1991 Trip
Just odd birds seen on 5 dates.

Mountain Buzzard – Buteo oreophilus
Two seen over the road as we drove through the Aberdares on the 18th, and another two gave excellent views at Thompson Falls in the Aberdares on the 22nd.
1991 Trip
One seen at Mountain Lodge on the 19th, and near Noro Moru on the 20th. Three seen on the 24th, in Marsabit National Park.

Augur Buzzard – Buteo augur augur
Seen on eight dates in the National Parks, but not seen at the coast. Maximum of 8 seen on the 24th on the drive from Lake Baringo to Lake Naivasha.
1991 Trip
Commonly recorded on 14 dates with a maximum of 6 on the 18th.


Augur Buzzard

African Fish Eagle – Haliaeetus vocifer
Seen of 14 dates both inland and at the coast.  Up to 12 seen on both days at Lake Naviasha.
1991 Trip
Seen at Lake Baringo and Nakuru with 1 on the 26th and 3 on the 27th, and 1 on the 28th. Nine seen on the 2nd chiefly at Lake Naivasha with 6 on the 3rd and finally 1 on the 5th in the Masai Mara



Adults African Fish Eagles

Palm Nut Vulture – Gypohierax angolensis
Surprisingly, we saw a single bird on the 21st at Samburu. An adult visiting a nest with one young was seen at Gedi on the 30th and 1 was also seen in flight at Gedi on the 2nd.

Lesser Spotted Eagle – Aquila pomarina pomarina
1991 Trip
Recorded only in the Masai Mara with 3 on the 4th, 4 on the 5th and 1 on the 6th.

Tawny Eagle – Aquila rapax
Seen on ten dates in the various National Parks, with a maximum of 5 on the 13th in Nairobi Nat. Pk.
1991 Trip
Recorded on 7 dates in the game parks, with a maximum of 4 in the Masai Mara on the 4th and 5th.

Steppe Eagle – Aquila nipalensis orientals
1991 Trip
Recorded on six dates, with a maximum of 10 seen on the 22nd in the Samburu area.

Wahlberg’s Eagle – Aquila wahlbergi
Seen on five dates in the National Parks, with a maximum of 3 on the 16th at Amboseli.
1991 Trip
Strangely, only identified on 2 dates with 1 on the 20th and 2 on the 30th.

Verreaux’s Eagle – Aquila verreauxii
1991 Trip
This stunning eagle, was recorded in pairs on three dates, 21st and 22nd at Samburu, and on the 27th. Good views were obtained, Superb!

African Hawk Eagle – Hieraaetus spilogaster
One seen on the 13th in Nairobi Nat. Pk., one on the 20th at Samburu. A total of 5 seen on the 26th in the Masai Mara with a further 2 here on the 27th.
1991 Trip
Just two singles seen, the first on the 26th and the second on the 2nd.


Adult African Hawk Eagle

Booted Eagle – Hieraaetus pennatus
1991 Trip
One seen on the 17th near Nairobi, 2 on the 22nd in the Samburu area, 2 on the 24th showed well over Marsabit National Park and are not shown in range in “Birds of Kenya”, although as it’s a migrant one would be surprised if they were not seen here. The majority were pale phase birds. 

Ayres Hawk Eagle – Hieraaetus ayresii
One, well seen on the 29th over the road as we were driving past Sokoe Forest. The same or a different bird seen in the same area on the 1st, with another bird seen over Midas Creek also on the 1st.
1991 Trip
One seen on the 22nd, on the long drive from Samburu.

Long Crested Eagle – Lophaetus occipitalis
Recorded on six dates at both inland and coastal sites. It was often seen sitting close to the road. Two were seen on the 22nd, on the drive over the Aberdares to Lake Baringo.
1991 Trip
Odd birds recorded on 9 dates, but never more than 2 on a day.


Pair of Long Crested Eagles

Martial Eagle – Polemaetus bellicosus
A pair gave excellent views on the 14th in Nairobi Nat. Pk. and a third bird was also seen. Superb!
1991 Trip
Two seen on the 21st at Samburu with 1 on the 23rd in the Dida-Galgala Desert, and 1 on the 5th in the Masai Mara.



Pair of Martial Eagles

Pygmy Falcon – Polihierax semitorquatus castanonotus
Three seen at Amboseli on the 16th with 2 there on the 17th. A total of 6 seen on the 18th on the drive away from Amboseli, with 2 on the 20th at Samburu.
1991 Trip
Recorded on five dates in the game parks with a maximum of 5 on the 21st at Samburu.


Adult Pygmy Falcon

Lanner Falcon – Falco biarmicus 
Two were seen on the cliff face at Lake Baringo on the 23rd. According to Zimmerman et al the race “abyssinicus” ranges through N.Kenya south to Lake Baringo.
1991 Trip
One seen at the Taita Falcon nest cliff on the drive from Samburu on the 22nd.

Peregrine Falcon – Falco peregrinus
A pair with 2 flying young were seen in the centre of Nairobi on three dates. Two seen at Lake Baringo on the 23rd, and one was hassling the Bat Hawk at Malindi on the 31st.
1991 Trip
Just a single bird seen on the 25th.

Barbary Falcon – Falco pelegrinoides pelegrinoides
1991 Trip
Just one well seen on the 22nd, again at the Taita Falcon nest cliff on the drive from Samburu, considered rare by Zimmerman.

Taita Falcon – Falco fasciinucha
1991 Trip
We visited a breeding site stakeout at a cliff face north of Samburu on the drives on the 22nd and 25th,and both times saw a pair of this very attractive falcon flying in front of the cliff face. Views were prolonged through a telescope but at some distance and good comparisions were made with both Lanner and Barbary Falcons nearby. Considered rare by Zimmerman. Superb and one of the highlights of the trip!

Eurasian Hobby – Falco subbuteo subbuteo
1991 Trip
Four seen on the 19th, with 4 on the 1st.


Juvenile Eurasian Hobby

African Hobby – Falco cuvieri
One gave good views catching flying insects at the Masai Mara on the 25th.

Amur Falcon – Falco vespertinus
1991 Trip
Two seen on the 26th, on the drive to Baringo, with 1 on the 4th in the Masai Mara.

Eleonora’s Falcon – Falco eleonorae
1991 Trip
Two of these elegant falcons were seen well on the 1st in the late afternoon as we were walking out towards Lake Victoria.

Greater (White-Eyed) Kestrel – Falco rupicoloides arthuri
1991 Trip
Four seen on the 23rd in the Dida-Galala Desert, with 1 on the 26th on the drive from Maralal.

Grey Kestrel – Falco ardosiaceus
1991 Trip
One seen out in the Masai Mara on the 4th.

Lesser Kestrel – Falco naumanni
1991 Trip
A party of 10 were seen on the 1st on the drive to Kisumu.

Common Kestrel – Falco tinnunculus
Only recorded on four dates in the Lake Baringo area.
1991 Trip
Small numbers recorded on 9 dates with a maximum of 5 on the 19th.

Harlequin Quail – Coturnix delegorguei
1991 Trip
Two seen extremely well on the ground on the plateau near Maralal on the 25th with a male also seen well on the 3rd.

Shelley’s Francolin – Francolinus shelleyi
1991 Trip
Six seen on the Ngong Hills near Nairobi on the 17th.

Crested Fancolin – Francolinus sephaena
Recorded on five dates with the maximum of 7 on the 17th at Amboseli and 8 on the 20th at Samburu.
1991 Trip
Twenty logged on the 21st and 12 on the 22nd at Samburu game park


Crested Francolin

Scaly Francolin – Francolinus squamatus
1991 Trip
Four seen on the 4th and 2 on the 5th in the Masai Mara.

Hildebrandt’s Francolin – Francolinus hildebrandti
One seen very well on the 17th at Amboseli.
1991 Trip
Two seen on the 26th at Maralal, with 2 on the 28th


Male Hildebrandt’s Francolin race altumi

Jackson’s Francolin – Francolinus jacksoni
1991 Trip
Just 5 seen on the 19th on our way down on Mt. Kenya.


Jackson’s Francolin

Coqui Francolin – Francolinus coqui
1991 Trip
Just seen on the 5th when 6 were seen in the Masai Mara.

Red Necked Spurfowl – Ffrancolinus afer cranchii
Only recorded in the Masai Mara, with 10 on the 26th and 1 on the 27th


Red-necked Spurfowl

Yellow Necked Spurfowl – Francolinus leucoscepus
Very common at Nairobi Nat. Pk., Tsavo West, Amboseli and Samburu but not recorded at other sites. Maximum of 25 seen on the 17th and 18th at Amboseli.
1991 Trip
Recorded in small numbers on 6 dates in the game parks.


Yellow-necked Spurfowl

 Crested Guineafowl – Guttera pucherani
A party of five seen in the early morning of the 2nd along the Jilore Track in Sokoe Forest, and belonged to the race “pucherani”. 

Vulturine Guineafowl – Acryllium vulturinum
1991 Trip
Fifty of these superb guineafowls were found crossing a sandy track on the 21st at Samburu and 40 were seen on the 22nd. Another 50 were found on the 25th. Stunning!



Vulturine Guineafowl

Helmeted Guineafowl – Numida meleagris
Very common in a number of the game parks with up to 300 seen around the water hole at Tsavo West during the early morning of the 16th.
1991 Trip
Much smaller numbers were recorded on this trip. Seen on a total of 6 dates with a maximum of 25 on the 27th


Helmeted Guineafowls

African Water Rail – Rallus caerulescens
One seen briefly but well, on the edge of a reed bed at Lake Naivasha on the 25th.

Black Crake – Amaurornis flavirostris
Recorded on eight dates at suitable sites, with a maximum of 7 on the 24th at Lake Baringo and Lake Naivasha.
1991 Trip
Recorded on eight dates, with a maximum of 5 on the 2nd at Lake Naivasha


Adult Black Crake

Allen’s Gallinule – Porphyrio alleni
A total of 12 including several juveniles were found on the 31st at Sabaki Swamp and was a surprise find.

Purple Swamphen – Porphyrio porphyrio madagascariensis
Two adults and 2 young were found feeding in the open at Lake Baringo on the 22nd and 23rd. Single birds were also seen at Lake Naivasha on the 24th and 25th.

Common Moorhen – Gallinula chloropus meridionalis
Only seen on five dates with a maximum of 10 on the 25th at Lake Naivasha.
1991 Trip
Just 6 seen on the 2nd at Lake Naivasha.

Red Knobbed Coot – Fulica cristata
Three seen at Lake Baringo on the 23rd, with up to 1,000 on both days at Lake Naivasha.
1991 Trip
Recorded on 7 dates, with a maximum of 400 on the 24th at Lake Paradise, Marsabit.

Grey (Southern) Crowned Crane – Balearica regulorum gibbericeps
Recorded on 11 dates at various sites, but not on the coast. Daily maximum of 12 on the 21st.
1991 Trip
Just small numbers recorded on four dates with a maximum of 6 on the 5th in the Masai Mara.


Adults Grey Crowned Cranes

Heuglin’s Bustard – Neotis heuglinii
1991 Trip
A male and female of these superb bustards were found out in the Dida-Galgalla Desert on the 23rd with another bird there on the 24th. Stunning and was my highlight of the trip!


Male Heuglin’s Bustard


Female Heuglin’s Bustard

Kori Bustard – Ardeotis kori struthiunculus
Two seen very well at Amboseli on the 16th. One on the 20th at Samburu, and one on the 22nd on the drive to Lake Baringo.  Excellent and one of the highlights of the trip!
1991 Trip
Recorded on four dates with an astonishing total of 35 seen on the 25th at the plateau near Maralal. Superb!



Adults Kori Bustards

(Buff) Crested Bustard – Eupodotis ruficrista gindiana
Singles seen on the 17th at Amboseli, and 20th at Samburu.
1991 Trip
One seen on the 21st, at Samburu, 2 on the 23rd in the Dida-Galgalla Desert, and one on the 25th, near Maralal.


Adult male Crested Bustard

White Bellied Bustard – Eupodotis senegalensis canicollis
Four seen at Tsavo West on the 15th, with 1 on the 16th at Amboseli. One on the 19th at Samburu, and one on the 22nd, on the drive to Lake Baringo. Finally, seen at the Masai Mara with 1 on the 26th and 5 on the 27th.
1991 Trip
Three seen on the 19th near Naro Moru, with 2 on the 25th en route to Maralal.

Black Bellied Bustard – Eupodotis melanogaster melanogaster
One seen in Nairobi Nat. Pk. on the 13th, one at Tsavo West on the 15th and one on the 18th at Ambsoeli.
1991 Trip
Just a single male seen in the Masai Mara on the 4th.


Female Black-bellied Bustard

Hartlaub’s Bustard – Eupodotis hartaubii
One seen very well in the Masai Mara on the 27th. Proved a difficult species to identify from Black Bellied.
1991 Trip
One male seen in Nairobi Nat. Pk on the 17th, with 2 seen on the 19th near Mountain Lodge.


Male Hartlaub’s Bustard


Female Hartlaub’s Bustard

African Jacana – Actophilornis africanus
Small numbers seen at many suitable locations with a maximum of 100 at Lake Baringo on the 23rd. Twenty also seen at Sabaki Swamp on the 31st.
1991 Trip
Just seen on four dates with a maximum of 20 on the 2nd at Lake Naivasha


Adult African Jacana

Greater Painted Snipe – Rostratula benghalensis benghalensis
Two seen at Lake Baringo on the 23rd, with one on the 24th.



Painted Snipes

Crab Plover – Dromas ardeola
Twenty were seen at Midas Creek on the 30th, and a two hour boat trip out into the creek on the 1st produced stunning views of 60. One was also seen on the 2nd at Malindi Harbour Beach. A very fine bird!




Crab Plovers

Eurasian Oystercatcher – Haematopus ostralegus longipes
Just 2 seen on the 1st in Midas Creek.

Eurasian Avocet – Recurvirostra avosetta
1991 Trip
Twenty found at Lake Magadi on the 17th and 150 on the 27th at Lake Nakuru and 10 on the 2nd at Lake Naivasha.

Black Winged Stilt – Himantopus himantopus himantopus
Present at the Rift Valley Lakes, Sabaki Swamp, and Midas Creek. Forty were logged at Lake Nakuru and probably many hundreds were present here.
1991 Trip
Up to 20 on a day, and seen on 11 days.

Water Thick-Knee – Burhinus vermiculatus vermiculatus
Our only sighting was of 3 at Lake Baringo on the 23rd.
1991 Trip
Again, just one sighting of 5 birds on the 21st at Samburu



Water Thick-Knee

Two Banded (Double Banded) Courser – Rhinoptilus africanus gracilis
Two of these superb Coursers were found at Amboseli on the 17th.


Two-Banded Courser

Violet Tipped Courser – Rhinoptilus chalcopterus
A very lucky break was one seen standing by the edge of the road on the drive from Lake Naivasha on the 25th.

Somali Courser – Cursorius somalensis littoralis
1991 Trip
A party of 29 were found on the 21st, with 4 on the 22nd in Samburu.



Somali Coursers

Temminck’s Courser – Cursorius temminckii
After much searching in the National Parks, six were located in the Masai Mara on the 26th. They gave excellent views and were one of the highlights of the trip.
1991 Trip
Just one found on the 25th



Temminck’s Courser

Collared Pratincole – Glareola pratincola fuelleborni
Two were seen on the 17th at Amboseli with up to 150 including many young looking juveniles were in the marshes surrounding Lake Baringo on the 23rd, which probably indicated local breeding here.



Adult and Juvenile Collared Pratincoles

Rock Pratincole – Glareola nuchalis nuchalis
1991 Trip
Just 2 seen fairly distantly. On the River Nzoia on the 30th.

Long Toed Plover – Vanellus crassirostris crassirostris
Recorded at Ambsolei with 1 on the 16th, 12 on the 17th and 2 on the 18th. Also seen at Lake Baringo and Lake Naivasha with 6 on the 25th.
1991 Trip
Just 5 seen on the 2nd at Lake Naivasha

 

Long-toed Plover

Blacksmith Plover – Vanellus armatus
Four in Nairobi Nat. Pk. on the 14th. Good numbers seen at Amboseli with 25 on the 16th and 30 on the 17th. Eight seen on the 24th, and 12 on the 25th at Lake Navasha area.
1991 Trip
Recorded in small numbers on 9 dates in most of the game parks, with a maximum of 8 on the 26th at Lake Baringo.


Adult Blacksmith Plover

Spur Winged Plover – Vanellus spinosus
Seen on nine dates chiefly at inland sites, but odd birds also seen near to the coast. Maximum of 20 on the 23rd at Lake Baringo.
1991 Trip
Up to 5 seen in a day on six dates.


Adult Spur Winged Plovers 

Black Winged Plover – Vanellus melanopterus minor
A party of 8 were found feeding in short grass near Lake Naivasha on the 25th.
1991 Trip
Five seen very well, feeding close to the road on the Kinangop Plateau on the 18th, with 4 on the journey on the 20th. 100 were seen on the 3rd on the journey to the Masai Mara, with 30 seen on the 5th and 40 on the 6th in the Masai Mara.


Black Winged Plover

Crowned Plover – Vanellus coronatus coronatus
Widespread inland but not seen at the coast. Logged on 12 dates with a maximum of 30 on the 17th at Amboseli.
1991 Trip
Recorded on 1o dates in most of the game parks and commonest in the Masai Mara with up to 20 being seen in a day.


Adult Crowned Plover

African Wattled Plover – Vanellus senegallus lateralis
Two seen very well in the Masai Mara on the 26th.
1991 Trip
One seen on the 1st at Lake Victoria, with 5 on the 5th in the Masai Mara.



Wattled Plovers

Grey Plover – Pluvialis squatarola
Common at the coast with 100 present at Malindi Harbour Beach on the 2nd.

Ringed Plover – Charadrius hiaticula tundrae
Recorded on nine dates chiefly at the coast but also inland at the Rift Valley Lakes. Maximum of 30 on the 29th at Malindi North Beach.
1991 Trip
6 seen at Lake Nakuru on the 27th and 2 seen on the 2nd at Lake Naivasha.

Little Ringed Plover – Charadrius dubius curonicus
1991 Trip
Singles seen on the 27th and 28th at Lake Nakuru.

Kittlitz’s Plover – Charadadrius pecuarius
Fifty seen at Amboseli on the 17th with 8 at Lake Baringo on the 23rd.
1991 Trip
Ten found on the 27th were our only sighting on the trip.




Kittlitz’s Plover

Three Banded Plover – Charadrius tricollaris tricollaris
Singles seen at Mizma Springs on the 15th and at Amboseli on the 16th. Nine seen, including some young birds, at Sabaki Swamp on the 31st.
1991 Trip
Surprisingly, only a single bird was seen on the 20th.


Adult Three Banded Plover

White Fronted Plover – Charadrius marginatus tenellus
Only seen on the coast, with a maximum of 10 on the 1st at Malindi



White-fronted Plovers

Chestnut Banded Plover – Charadrius pallidus venustus
1991 Trip
Two of these delightful plovers were found on the 17th at Lake Magadi. A superb start to our second trip!




Adult male Chestnut-banded Plover with a Little Stint.

Mongolian Sandplover – Charadrius mongolus pamirensis
Only recorded on the coast, with a maximum of 120 on the 2nd at Malindi Harbour Beach


Winter plumage Mongolian Sandplover

Greater Sandplover – Charadrius leschenaultii crassirostris
Only recorded on the coast, with a maximum of 100 on the 2nd at Malindi Harbour Beach


Winter Plumage Greater Sandplover
Caspian Plover – Charadrius asiaticus
Seen at Amboseli with 30 on the 16th, 10 on the 17th and 1 on the 18th. Also six seen in the Masai Mara on the 26th with 3 on the 27th. All were in winter plumage but still superb.
1991 Trip
Only seen in the Masai Mara with 15 on the 3rd, and 30 on the 5th and 6th. At least l bird was still quite well in summer plumage. As usual superb!



Winter Plumage Caspian Plovers

Little Stint – Calidris minuta
Two birds present at the water hole at Tsavo West on the 15th & 16th. Very common feeding on the shore line at Lake Nakuru on the 24th. In a very small area of beach we saw 300 and many thousands were probably around the whole lake. All were in winter plumage. Upto 30 were also seen at the coast.
1991 Trip
Recorded in good numbers on 7 dates with a maximum of 100 at Lake Nakuru on the 27th.

Temminck’s Stint – Calidris temminckii
1991 Trip
Two were found at Lake Nakuru on the 27th.

Curlew Sandpiper – Calidris ferruginea
Three seen at Lake Nakuru on the 24th. Up to 70 could be found feeding at low tide out in Malindi Harbour and also recorded in fair numbers at Midas Creek.
1991 Trip
Twelve seen on the 27th at Lake Nakuru, with 1 on the 2nd at Lake Naivasha.

Sanderling – Calidris alba
Seen on four dates at the coast with a maximum of 4 on the 2nd.
1991 Trip
Just a single bird seen on the 27th, at Lake Nakuru.

Ruff – Philomachus pugnax
Very common at Lake Nakuru on the 24th some feeding amongst the Lesser Flamingoe’s legs. 100 were seen in a small area and probably many thousands were present around the whole lake. 10 were also seen at Lake Naivasha on the 25th.
1991 Trip
Recorded in small numbers on 8 dates, with a maximum of 20 on the 2nd.

Common Snipe – Gallinago gallinago gallinago
Just two seen at Lake Naivasha on the 25th.
1991 Trip
Odd birds recorded on three dates.

Black Tailed Godwit – Limosa limosa limosa
1991 Trip
40 seen on the 2nd at Lake Naivasha

Whimbrel – Numenius phaeopus phaeopus
Common at the coast, with small flocks being present. Maximum of 25 on the 29th at Malindi North Beach. Not seen inland.

Eurasian Curlew – Numenius arquata orientalis
Our only sighting, was of a single bird at Malindi Harbour Beach on the 1st.

Spotted Redshank – Tringa erythropus
1991 Trip
Recorded on four dates with a maximum of 3 on the 28th.

Common Redshank – Tringa tetanus ussuriensis
One seen at Malindi Beach on the 30th with two here the following day.

Marsh Sandpiper – Tringa stagnatilis
A single bird seen on the 21st at Samburu. At least 10 were seen at Lake Nakuru on the 24th with 12 at Lake Naivasha on the 25th. Only recorded on two dates at the coast.
1991 Trip
One seen at Lake Magadi on the 17th, with 20 seen on the 27th, and 12 on the 28th at Lake Baringo. 15 on the 2nd and 2 on the 3rd at Lake Naivasha and 15 on the 6th, on the journey



Winter plumage Marsh Sandpipers

Common Greenshank – Tringa nebularia
Only odd birds seen inland in the national parks but always present on the coast with a maximum of 5 being seen on the 1st at Midas Creek.
1991 Trip
Seen in small numbers on 10 dates with a maximum of 12 at Lake Naivasha on the 2nd.

Green Sandpiper – Tringa ochropus
Single birds recorded at water-holes at both Tsavo West and Amboseli on the 15th, 16th, and 17th, with 2 being seen at Lake Naivasha on the 25th.
1991 Trip
Seen on 7 dates with a maximum of 6 on the 18th and 21st.

Wood Sandpiper – Tringa glareola
Common and widespread at suitable water-holes in the national parks. Not seen along the coast but present at Sabaki Swamp. Daily maximum of 10 on the 25th.
1991 Trip
Small numbers recorded on 12 dates with a maximum of 10 on the 2nd at Lake Naivasha.

Common Sandpiper – Actitis hypoleucos
Widespread and common in suitable habitat.
1991 Trip
Small numbers recorded on eight dates.

Terek Sandpiper – Xenus cinereus
Only seen at the coast and chiefly at Malindi Harbour Beach at low tide when up to 40 birds could be found feeding on the mud


Terek Sandpiper

Ruddy Turnstone – Arenaria interpres interpres
Only seen in small numbers along the coast with a maximum of 3 on the 2nd.
1991 Trip
Just one seen on the 27th at Lake Nakuru.

Sooty Gull – Larus hemprichii
Up to 50 could be found at low tide loafing on Malindi Harbour Beach. Also seen at other coastal sites usually flying past out to sea




Adult Sooty Gulls 

Heuglin’s Gull – Larus heuglini
A single individual, initially identified as a dark backed race Herring Gull, was seen on the Malindi Harbour Beach on the 1st.

Lesser Black Backed Gull – Larus fuscus fuscus
Up to 10 could be found at low tide resting on the beach at Malindi Harbour.
1991 Trip
Recorded on four dates inland with a maximum of 100 on the 1st at Lake Victoria.

Grey Headed Gull – Larus cirrocephalus poiocephalus
Surprisingly, only recorded in small numbers with 40 at Lake Nakuru on the 24th, and 10 at Lake Naivasha on the 25th.
1991 Trip
Larger numbers seen on this trip with up to 300 on two dates at Lake Nakuru, and up to 50 at Lake Naivasha.

Black Headed Gull – Larus ridibundus
Three were seen at Lake Nakuru on the 24th and 1 at Lake Naivasha on the 25th.
1991 Trip
Just seen at Lake Baringo with 1 on the 26th and 2 on the 27th.

Gull Billed Tern – Sterna nilotica nilotica
Small numbers seen along the coast and at the Sabaki River and also at Sabaki Swamp some 10 kms. Inland. Maximum of 12 on the 1st mainly at Midas Creek. All birds seen were in full winter plumage.
1991 Trip
Recorded on six dates, with a maximum of 50 on the 27th and 40 on the 28th at Lake Nakuru



Adult in winter-plumage Gull-billed Terns

Caspian Tern – Sterna caspia
Singles seen at Malindi on the 30th, 31st and 2nd with 2 seen on the 1st.

Crested Tern – Sterna bergii
Small numbers were present in the tern flock on Malindi Beach with 10 on the 30th, and the 2nd, and 6 on the 3rd.



Lesser Crested Tern and Crested Tern at Malindi Harbour.

Lesser Crested Tern – Sterna bengalensis
A regular flock of 60 birds could be found resting at Malindi Harbour Beach at low tide, but they could not be located at high tide.




Lesser Crested Terns with a Sooty Gull at Malindi Harbour.

Sandwich Tern – Sterna sandvicensis
A single bird watched at Lake Nakuru on the 24th and 4 seen with other terns at Malindi on the 30th.

Common/Roseate Tern – Sterna hirundo/dougallii
A Common Tern was seen at Lake Navasha on the 24th. A flock of 60 terns seen in the tern flock at Malindi on the 2nd and 3rd were considered to be winter plumaged Roseate’s although Common was not eliminated.

Saunders’s Tern – Sterna saundersi
Odd birds seen at Malindi and the boat trip on the 1st in Midas Creek produced excellent views of 15.



Winter plumage Saunder’s Terns

Whiskered Tern – Chlidonias hybridus delalandii
Three, including one still in full summer plumage, were seen on the 24th at Lake Naivasha.
1991 Trip
Three seen on the 27th and 50 seen on the 2nd.

White Winged Black Tern – Chlidonias leucopterus
Up to 60 seen at Lake Baringo on the 23rd and 24th, the majority were in winter plumage, but only 5 were left on the 25th. One also seen at the coast on the 28th.
1991 Trip
Recorded on six dates, with very large numbers seen at Lake Victoria on the 2nd when 2,000 were estimated there


Adult winter-plumage White-winged Black Tern

African Skimmer – Rynchops flavirostris
Two seen on Lake Baringo on the 23rd.
1991 Trip
Six seen on the 28th at Lake Nakuru.




Adult African Skimmers

Chestnut Bellied Sandgrouse – Pterocles exustus olivascens
Ten seen on the 16th, and 20 on the 17th at Amboseli and 3 seen on the 20th Samburu.
1991 Trip
Only seen at Samburu, with 12 on both the 21st and 22nd.



Chestnut Bellied Sandgrouse

Black Faced Sandgrouse – Pterocles decoratus
Twenty seen in Nairobi Nat. Pk. on the 13th, with 5 on the 16th, 50 on both the 17th and 18th at Amboseli and 100 seen at Samburu on the 20th.
1991 Trip
Only seen at Samburu, with 15 on the 21st and 2 on the 22nd.


Pair of Black Faced Sandgrouse


Female Black Faced Sandgrouse


Male Black Faced Sandgrouse

Lichtenstein’s Sandgrouse – Pterocles lichtensteinii sukensis
1991 Trip
Two,seen on the 25th, and the 26th in the Maralal area.

Yellow Throated Sandgrouse – Pterocles gutturalis saturatior.
Up to 250 were seen coming into drink at Amboseli on the 17th and 10 were also seen on the 20th at Samburu. Strange as “Birds of Kenya”, by Zimmerman et al shows this to be out of range for this species.
1991 Trip
Just 4 identified on the 23rd, in the Dida-Galgalla Desert, which again would appear to be way out of range, although Birdquest have now deleted this record from their final Trip Report draft, but I have included it in this report, for what worth! 


Yellow Throated Sandgrouse
African Green Pigeon – Treron calva
1991 Trip
Six seen on the 30th at the River Nzoia, 1 on the 3rd at the Kichwa Tenbo Lodge, and 2 on the 5th in the Masai Mara.

Tambourine Dove – Turtur tympanistria
Seen on four dates, with 1 on the 18th in the Aberdares, otherwise seen in Sokoe Forest with 2 on the 1st and singles on the 2nd and 3rd.
1991 Trip
One seen on the 19th at Mountain Lodge, and 1 on the 30th at Madende Creek, 5 on the 1st at Kakamega Forest and 2 on the 4th in the Masai Mara.

Blue Spotted Wood Dove – Turtur afer
1991 Trip
One seen on the 28th at Kakamega Forest and 6 on the 30th close to the River Nzoia.

Emerald Spotted Wood-Dove – Turtur chalcospilos
One on the 19th, and 5 on the 20th at Samburu. Small numbers recorded at the coast chiefly from Sokoe Forest with a maximum of 5 on the 31st.
1991 Trip
One seen on the 20th, near Mt.Kenya, and 6 in the Masai Mara on the 5th.

Namaqua Dove – Oena capensis capensis
Good numbers recorded at Tsavo West, Amboseli, with smaller numbers at Lake Baringo. Not seen at other sites including along the coast.
1991 Trip
Recorded on 7 dates with a maximum of 40 on the 25th


Adult male Namaqua Dove

Eastern Bronze Naped Pigeon – Columba delegorguei sharpie
Four seen well in flight on the 22nd near Thompson Falls in the Aberdares.
1991 Trip
Forty seen on the 19th, at Mt.Kenya


Eastern Bronze Naped Pigeon

Olive Pigeon – Columba arquatrix
1991 Trip
Forty seen on the 19th, at Mt. Kenya with 10 the following day. 70 on the 26th at Maralal.

Speckled Pigeon – Columba guinea guinea
Twenty seen at Samburu on the 21st and at Treetops on the 22nd with 10 on the 24th and 2 on the 25th.
1991 Trip
Recorded on 10 dates in good numbers with a maximum of 200 on the 20th.

Lemon Dove – Aplopelia larvata larvata
1991 Trip
Just one seen on the 18th.

Red-Eyed Dove – Streptopelia semitorquata
Small numbers present in most of the areas visited including the coast, but many small doves were seen but not positively identified.
1991 Trip
Common and widespread.

African Morning Dove – Streptopelia decipiens
Common, and widespread.
1991 Trip
Identified on 6 dates in fair numbers.

Ring Necked Dove – Streptopelia capicola
Common, and widespread, and seen daily.
1991 Trip
Recorded virtually daily in good numbers.

Laughing Dove – Streptopelia senegalensis senegalensis
Common, and widespread.
1991 Trip
Common and widespread.


Laughing Dove

Red Fronted Parrot – Poicephalus gulielmi massaicus
1991 Trip
Seen in the Mt. Kenya area with 2 on the 18th, 40 on the 19th and 12 on the 20th.

Brown (Meyers) Parrot – Poicephalus meyeri
1991 Trip
Three seen on the 30th by the River Nzoia, and one on the 5th in the Masai Mara.

African Orange Bellied Parrot – Poicephalus rufiventris rufiventris
1991 Trip
Singles seen at Samburu on the 21st and 22nd.

Lovebird hybrids 
Fair numbers of lovebirds were seen around Lake Naivasha several appearing like “Fischers” and others like “Yellow Collared”, but also a number which were simply “hybrids”.  Two Yellow Collared Lovebirds were identified at Malindi on the 29th with another 1 on the 1st. According to Zimmerman et.al, feral Yellow Collared Lovebirds breed around Mombasa.
1991 Trip
Hybrid brids seen on the 1st, 2nd and 3rd


Lovebird hybrids.

Great Blue Turaco – Corythaeola
1991 Trip
10 of these superb Turacos were seen on the 29th in the Kakamega Forest, with 2 on the 1st, again at Kakamega. One of the highlights of the trip


Poor record shot of an adult Great Blue Turaco.

Ross’s Turaco – Musophaga rossa
1991 Trip
Only seen in the Masai Mara, and chiefly at the Kichwa Tenbo Lodge, with 1 on the 3rd, 2 on the 4th, 8 on the 5th and 1 on the 6th. Superb!


Adult Ross’s Turaco

Schalow’s Turaco – Tauarco schalowi
1991 Trip
Five seen on the 1st,and 1 on the 6th in the Masai Mara.

Hartlaub’s Turaco – Tauraco hartlaubi
Six seen on the river walk near the Outspan Hotel in the Aberdares on the 18th.
1991 Trip
Three seen on the 18th, 7 on the 19th,and 1 on the 20th all in the Mt. Kenya area.

White Crested Turaco – Tauraco leucolophus
1991 Trip
Just 2 seen on the 30th, near Madende Creek.

Bare Faced Go Away Bird – Corythaixoides personata leopoldi
Ten seen well in the Masai Mara on the 26th with 2 there on the 27th.
1991 Trip
Just 2 seen in the Masai Mara on the 5th


Bare Faced Go Away Birds

White Bellied Go Away Bird – Corythaixoides leucogaster
Recorded at most of the Eastern National Parks and in the Lake Baringo area with a maximum of 25 on the 20th at Samburu. Not recorded at Nairobi, Lake Naivasha or in the Masai Mara, or at the coast.
1991 Trip
Recorded in fair numbers on six dates, with a maximum of 8 on the 22nd, and 25th



Female White Bellied Go Away Bird

Eastern Grey Plantain-Eater – Crinifer zonurus
1991 Trip
Just 3 seen on the 30th, in the Madende Creek area.

Jacobin Cuckoo – Oxylophus jacobinus
One seen in flight at Lake Baringo on the 23rd.
1991 Trip
Just one seen on the 17th near Nairobi.

Black Cuckoo – Cuculus clamosus
One seen very well in Nairobi Nat. Pk. on the 13th.

Red Chested Cuckoo – Cuculus solitarius solitarius
An immature seen at Lake Naivasha on the 24th, and an adult and 2 immatures at the same site on the 25th.
1991 Trip
A single bird on the 20th.


Adult male Rufous-chested Cuckoo

Eurasian Cuckoo – Cuculus canorus canorus
1991 Trip
Just a single bird seen on the 21st at Samburu.

African Emerald Cuckoo – Chrysococcyx cupreus cupreus
1991 Trip
One of these fine cuckoos was seen in the Kakamega Forest on the 1st.

Klaas’s Cuckoo – Chrysococcyx caprius
1991 Trip
Singles seen on the 17th, and the 19th at Mountain Lodge. With one on the 4th in the Masai Mara.

Diederik Cuckoo – Chrysococcyx caprius
1991 Trip
Seen at Samburu, with 2 on the 20th, 1 on the 21st and 22nd. One seen at River Nzoia on the 30th.

Yellowbill – Ceuthmochares aereus australis
One found in the bushes by the golf course at Malindi on the 28th.
1991 Trip
Two seen on the 1st, in the Kakamega Forest.

White Browed Coucal – Centropus superciliosus
Seen almost daily in small numbers but not recorded in the Masai Mara.
1991 Trip
Recorded in small numbers on 10 dates with a maximum of 4 on the 1st


Pair of White-browed Coucals
.
Senegal Coucal – Centropus senegalensis senegalensis
1991 Trip
Just 2 seen on the 30th,at Madende Creek area.

Blue Headed Coucal – Centropus monachus
1991 Trip
Just a single bird seen, on the 30th, at the River Nzoia area.

African Scops Owl – Otus senegalensis
1991 Trip
One came to tape playback on the 25th at the Maralal Safari Lodge and showed well.

White Faced Scops Owl – Otus leucotis
Two superb birds were seen very well in daylight at Lake Baringo on the 22nd, and 23rd.
1991 Trip
Again seen at the cliff face at Lake Baringo with one on the 26th and 2 on the 27th


Juvenile White-faced Scops Owl

Spotted Eagle Owl / Greyish Eagle Owl – Bubo africanus cinerascens
A single bird recorded on all three dates at Lake Baringo. Excellent day time views obtained and it belonged to the dark eye race. 
1991 Trip
One seen on the 27th at Lake Baringo, belonged to the dark eye race, and one on the journey back to Nairobi, on the 6th had yellow eyes.
Now split with the dark-eyed species now known as Greyish Eagle Owl.



Greyish Eagle Owl with the dark eyes

Verreaux’s Eagle Owl – Bubo lacteus
Just a single bird seen in the Masai Mara on the 26th.
1991 Trip
One seen on the 18th, at Mountain Lodge, 2 on the 21st at Samburu, and a superb party of 3 in the day light on the 3rd in the grounds of Lake Naivasha, giving excellent views.




Family party of three Verreaux’s Owls

Pearl Spotted Owlet – Glaucidium perlatum licua
Two single birds seen at Samburu on the 19th, and 20th.
1991 Trip
Three seen on the 21st at Samburu, and one showed very close at Marsabit Lodge on the 22nd.



Pearl Spotted Owlet

Donaldson-Smith’s Nightjar – Caprimulgus donaldsoni
A party of eight of these small nightjars were identified over the river at Samburu during the evening of the 20th. Other small unidentified nightjars were seen at other eastern game reserves were probably of this species.

Star Spotted Nightjar – Caprimulgus stellatus simplex
1991 Trip
Two of these uncommon nightjars were found roosting during the day in a gulley in the Dida Galgalla Desert on the 24th and showed well.

Dusky Nightjar – Caprimulgus fraenatus
Three were tentatively identified at Samburu during the evening on the 20th.

Slender Tailed Nightjar – Caprimulgus clarus
Four were well seen at Tsavo West on the 15th, with 4 coming to the floodlights at Samburu on the 20th. Singles were also identified on the 21st and 24th.
1991 Trip
Again seen at Samburu, with 4 on the 20th and 3 on the 21st.

Mottled (Throated) Spinetail – Telacanthura ussheri stictilaema
A migrant flock of 60 birds, spent 30 minutes feeding over Nairobi City Park on the 13th.

Bohm’s Spinetail – Neafrapus boehmi sheppardi
This exciting spinetail was recorded on three dates over Sokoe Forest with a maximum of 13 on the 3rd. Good views were obtained from the main road running down the side of Sokoe Forest, even allowing photographs to be taken. Superb!


Bohm’s Spinetail

Scarce Swift – Schoutedenapus myoptilus myoptilus
1991 Trip
15 seen on the 19th and 12 on the 20th in the Mt. Kenya area.

African Palm Swift – Cypsiurus parvus
Common on the coast, but only recorded inland on three dates.
1991 Trip
Recorded on four dates with a maximum of 70 on the 21st at Samburu.

African Black Swift – Apus barbatus roehli
Extremely difficult to identify from Common Swift and we tentatively identified 25 on the 24th at the Rift Valley Lakes with possibly others on three other dates.
1991 Trip
Just odd birds identified on three dates.

Common Swift – Apus apus
As with the previous species, difficult to identify for certain but several large parties up to 50 were seen on five dates were almost certain Common Swift and the 50 seen at Samburu on the 20th from range alone, were probably Common and not Black.
1991 Trip
Just identified on the 3rd when 12 were seen.

Nyanza Swift – Apus niansae
1991 Trip
At the Taita Falcon breeding site stake out at the cliff face north of Samburu, 1,000 Nyanza Swifts were seen on the 22nd but only 30 seen there on the 25th.

Mottled Swift – Apus aequatorialis aequatorialis
This large swift was watched feeding over the river in small numbers at Samburu on the 19th, and 20th, and at Lake Naivasha on the 24th and 25th.
1991 Trip
One seen on the 27th and 28th at Lake Nakuru, 6 on the 2nd and 3 on the 3rd at Naivasha.

White Rumped Swift – Apus caffer
Only recorded in the Masai Mara with small numbers coming to roost in the lodge.
1991 Trip
Six identified on the 22nd.


White-rumped Swift’s nests in the Masai Mara.

Little Swift – Apus affinis affinis
Widespread and common but not recorded in Nairobi.
1991 Trip
Very large numbers seen throughout the trip with a maximum of 4,000 on the 18th.

Speckled Mousebird – Colius striatus
Very common and widespread and seen at every location.
1991 Trip
Fair numbers seen almost daily.


Speckled Mousebirds

White Headed Mousebird – Colius leucocephalus
1991 Trip
Only seen at Samburu with 12 on the 21st and 2 on the 22nd.



White Headed Mousebird

Blue Naped Mousebird – Urocolius macrourus
One seen at the observation hill at Amboseli on the 17th, with 30 seen at Lake Baringo on the 23rd and 6 there on the 24th.
1991 Trip
Recorded in small numbers on six dates, with a maximum of 12 on the 17th.

Narina Trogon – Apaloderma narina littoralis
Singles seen on three dates in Sokoe Forest and good views obtained.
1991 Trip
A male seen on the 18th in Kieni Forest, with three singles seen in the Masai Mara on the 3rd, 4th and 5th.

Grey Headed (Chestnut Bellied) Kingfisher – Halcyon leucocephala
Recorded on seven dates at Tsavo West, Amboseli, Samburu and Lake Baringo.
1991 Trip
One seen on the 17th at Lake Magadi, with 3 on the 21st and 1 on the 22nd at Samburu, and 1 on the 4th in the Masai Mara.


Adult male Grey-headed Kingfisher

Woodland Kingfisher – Halcyon senegalensis senegalensis
Singles seen on three dates in the Masai Mara.
1991 Trip
Just 2 singles seen on the 30th along River Nzoia and on the 5th in the Masai Mara


Adult Woodland Kingfisher

Striped Kingfisher – Halcyon chelicuti chelicuti
Up to two seen on the three days at Amboseli and 2 were also seen in the Masai Mara.
1991 Trip
Odd birds seen on 4 dates.


Striped Kingfisher

Malachite Kingfisher – Alcedo cristata galerita
Seen at most suitable sites with up to 12 seen at Lake Baringo on the 23rd. Not recorded at the coast but 3 seen at Sabaki Swamp on the 31st.
1991 Trip
Odd birds recorded on four dates.


Adult Malachite Kingfisher

African Pygmy Kingfisher – Ispidina picta
An adult feeding a young bird at Lake Baringo on the 22nd with singles there on the 23rd and 24th. One in the Masai Mara on the 26th.
1991 Trip
One seen on the 27th at Lake Baringo, and on the 30th at Madende Creek


Adult African Pygmy Kingfisher

Giant Kingfisher – Megaceryle maxima maxima
1991 Trip
Just one found on the 2nd.

Pied Kingfisher – Ceryle rudis rudis
Up to 6 seen on a day on thirteen dates at most suitable sites, both inland and at the coast.
1991 Trip
Small numbers recorded on 7 dates.


Adult female Pied Kingfisher

Eurasian Bee-Eater – Merops apiaster
Twelve seen in Nairobi Nat. Pk. on the 13th, with 4 flying over Nairobi City Park on the 14th. Three at Amboseli on the 15th, with 4 on the 18th and 1 on the 19th.
1991 Trip
Recorded on five dates, with a maximum of 12 on the 27th.

Madagascar Bee-Eater – Merops superciliosus superciliosus
1991 Trip
Just 2, seen very well, at Lake Baringo on the 27th


Madagascar Bee-Eaters

Blue Cheeked Bee-Eater – Merops persicus persicus
1991 Trip
Only seen by Lake Victoria, with 2 on the 1st and 8 on the 2nd. 

Carmine Bee-Eater – Merops nubicus
Only recorded at the coast, when an arrival of this most elegant bee-eater occurred on the 31st, when 30 arrived around mid-day. Three were seen on the 1st, with 25 on the 2nd, when a party flew over Sokoe Forest. Finally, one on the 3rd. Superb!!



Carmine Bee-Eater  Race nubicus

White Throated Bee-Eater – Merops albicollis
One seen at Lake Baringo on the 23rd. Quite common along the coast, with 10 on the 28th, 3 on the 29th and 30 on the 30th. Three flying high over Sokoe Forest on the 1st, and 12 along the coast road on the 2nd.
1991 Trip
3 seen on the 17th in the Nairobi area, 4 on the 28th, 1 on the 1st at Lake Victoria, and 7 in the Masai Mara on the 5th.



White Throated Bee-Eaters

White Fronted Bee-Eater – Merops bullockoides bullockoides
Seen along the road close to Lake Naivasha, with 4 on the 24th, and 10 on the 25th.
1991 Trip
Six recorded on the 2nd and 20 on the 3rd at Lake Naivasha, and 2 on the 6th on the journey from the Masai Mara.


Adult White Fronted Bee-Eater

Blue Headed Bee-Eater – Merops muelleri muelleri
1991 Trip
Three of this stunning Bee-Eater was seen in Kakamega Forest on the 28th with one there on the 29th. One of the highlights of the trip!



Poor record shots of Blue-headed Bee-eater.

Cinnamon Chested Bee-Eater – Merops oreobates
Only seen in the Outspan Hotel grounds in the Aberdares, with 6 on the 18th, 2 on the 21st, and 22nd.
1991 Trip
Up to 6 were seen on 8 dates.


Adult Cinnamon Chested Bee-Eater

Little Bee-Eater – Merops pusillus
Widespread in most of the game parks inland but not seen at the coast. Maximum of 20 on the 14th in Nairobi Nat. Pk. and 12 in the Masai Mara on the 26th. Seen on a total of 11 dates.
1991 Trip
Just recorded on 7 dates with a maximum of 12 on the 4th in the Masai Mara

 


Adult Little Bee-eaters

Somali Bee-Eater – Merops revoilii
Seen at Samburu with 2 on the 21st, and 3 on the 22nd. Five were seen in the Dida-Galgalla Desert on the 23rd with 2 there on the 24th. Excellent




Somali Bee-eaters

Eurasian Roller – Coracias garrulus garrulous
One seen on the 15th at Tsavo West, one on the 18th and 1 in the Masai Mara on the 25th.
1991 Trip
Small numbers recorded on 6 dates, but no more than 3 on a day seen.

Abyssinian Roller – Coracias abyssinica
1991 Trip
Just 1 seen on the 23rd, in the Dida-Galgalla Desert. Appears out of range according to Zimmerman et al.

Lilac Breasted Roller – Coracias caudate
Very Common and widespread, seen at all the sites other than Nairobi Nat. Pk.
1991 Trip
Recorded on 9 dates with a maximum of 7 on the 21st at Samburu.




Adult Lilac Breasted Rollers

Rufous Crowned Roller – Coracias naevia naevia
Three seen in the Lake Baringo area on the 24th, were our only sighting.
1991 Trip
Two seen on the 17th near Nairobi, and 1 on the 25th on the drive.

Broad Billed Roller – Eurystomus glaucurus suahelicus
One seen on the 22nd on the drive to Lake Baringo. One on the 24th, at Lake Nukuru, and 1 in Sokoe Forest on the 2nd


Broad Billed Roller

European Hoopoe – Upupa epops
1991 Trip
Two were identified on the 27th.

African Hoopoe – Upupa (epops) africana
All the Hoopoes seen were considered to belong to “africana” owing to the richness of colour. Small numbers recorded in the majority of the inland national parks, but not recorded at or near the coast. Recorded on eight dates in total with a maximum of 6 on the 20th at Samburu.
1991 Trip
One seen on the 17th near Nairobi, and 1 on the 6th on the journey


African Hoopoe

White Headed Wood Hoopoe – Phoeniculus bollei jacksoni
A delightful party of 4 birds were located at Thompsons Falls in the Aberdares on the 22nd.
1991 Trip
4 seen on the 19th on Mt. Kenya, and 2 on the 29th at Kakamega Forest.



Adult White Headed Wood Hoopoes

Green Wood Hoopoe – Phoeniculus purpureus
Three seen on the 25th at Lake Naivasha.
1991 Trip
Two seen on the 17th in Nairobi Nat.Pk., 1 on the 21st at Samburu, 2 seen on the 26th and 27th at Lake Baringo, 2 seen on the 28th and finally 2 in the Masai Mara on the 5th.

Green / Violet Wood Hoopoe – Phoeniculus damarensis  purpureus / granti
A party of 10 were well watched and photographed at Lake Baringo on the 22nd with 5 seen on the 23rd. They were tentatively identified as Violet not Green in the field, and the photograph has been inspected and although appeared to be Purple they would be a long way out of their normal range and I therefore suspect they are in fact Green Wiid Hoopoes.



Green Wood-Hoopoes
Although initially identified as Purple they would be a long way out of  their rang,
and therefore I suspectd that they are Green Wood-Hoopoes showing a purplish 
colour hue due to the very strong Kenya light.


Green Wood-Hoopoe

Common Scimitarbill – Rhinopomastus cyanomelas schalowi
Seen only in Sokoe Forest with 4 on the 1st, and 2 on the 3rd.

Abyssinian Scimitarbill – Rhinopomastus minor cabanisi
Two seen on the 20th at Samburu.
1991 Trip
Just 1 seen on the 17th in the Nairobi area.

Southern Ground Hornbill – Bucorvus (cafer) leadbeateri 
Excellent views of a pair at Tsavo West on the 15th.
1991 Trip
Three seen on the 27th, and 7 on the 5th in the Masai Mara


Adult male and juvenile Southern Ground Hornbills

Abyssinian Ground Hornbill – Bucorvus abyssinicus
1991 Trip
Two of the fine hornbills seen on the 26th in the Maralal area

Red Billed Hornbill – Tockus erythrorhynchus erythrorhynchus
Common at both Tsavo West and Samburu with a maximum of 40 on the 20th at Samburu.
1991 Trip
Recorded in fair numbers on 6 dates, with a maximum of 50 on the 21st at Samburu


Red Billed Hornbill

Eastern Yellow Billed Hornbill – Tockus flavirostris
One seen on the 19th at Samburu and 3 on the 23rd at Lake Baringo.
1991 Trip
Four seen on the 22nd at Samburu with 6 on the 25th and 1 on the 27th at Lake Baringo.

Von Der Decken’s Hornbill – Tockus deckeni
Recorded on four dates, with a pair at Amboseli on the 16th and 17th, 4 at Samburu on the 19th and one on the 21st.
1991 Trip
One seen on the 21st, and 2 on the 22nd at Samburu, and 1 on the 25th


Male Von Der Decken’s Hornbill

Jackson’s Hornbill – Tockus jacksoni
Four seen at Lake Baringo on the 23rd with 2 there on the 24th.
1991 Trip
6 seen at Lake Baringo area on the 27th


Male Jackson’s Hornbill


Female Jackson’s Hornbill

Hemprich’s Hornbill – Tockus hemprichii
Five seen on the cliff face at Lake Baringo on the 23rd, with 3 there on the 24th.
1991 Trip
Just 2 seen at the cliff face at Lake Baringo on the 27th.

Crowned Hornbill – Tockus alboterminatus suahelicus
One well seen in Sokoe Forest on the 1st.
1991 Trip
Five were seen in the Masai Mara on the 5th.

African Grey Hornbill – Tockus nasutus
Four seen at Amboseli on the 17th, with one on the 18th, and one on the 24th at Lake Naivasha.
1991 Trip
One seen on the 17th near Nairobi, with 1 on the 5th in the Masai Mara


Male African Grey Hornbill

Trumpeter Hornbill – Bycanistes bucinator
One recorded near Treetops on the 22nd. At the coast it was recorded on the 30th when 2 were seen with one on the 1st. Two were found in the vicinity of Gedi on the 2nd.

Silvery-Cheeked Hornbill – Bycanistes brevis
1991 Trip
Four seen on the 18th, three on the 19th, and 8 seen on the 20th all in the Mt. Kenya area.

Black and White Casqued Hornbill – Bycanistes subcylindricus subquadratus
1991 Trip
Fifteen were seen on the 28th with 12 on the 29th, and 6 on the 1st in Kakamega Forest. Also seen in the Masai Mara with 2 on the 3rd, 4 on the 4th and 5th and 2 on the 6th.




Black and White Casqued Hornbills

Grey Throated Barbet – Gymnobucco bonapartei cinereiceps
1991 Trip
Seen in the Kakamega Forest with 10 on the 29th and 2 on the 1st. Also seen in the Masai Mara with 1 on the 5th.

White Eared Barbet – Stactolaema leucotis kilimensis
1991 Trip
Four of this uncommon barbet was seen on the 20th near Mt. Kenya.

Yellow Rumped Tinkerbird – Pogoniulus bilineatus
1991 Trip
Two seen on the 20th, in the Marau Forest. Also seen in the Kakamega Forest with 4 on the 28th, 2 on the 29th, 3 on the 30th and 1 on the 1st. Two were seen in the Masai Mara on the 4th. 

Red Fronted Tinkerbird – Pogoniulus pusillus affinis
Just two seen on the 27th, at Lake Baringo.
1991 Trip
One seen on the 27th at Lake Baringo, and one on the 2nd.

Yellow Fronted Tinkerbird – Pogoniulus chrysoconus chrysoconus
1991 Trip
Two seen on the 30th near the River Nzoia.

Yellow Spotted Barbet – Buccanodon duchillui duchaillui
1991 Trip
One seen on the 28th, and 2 on the 29th at Kakamega Forest.

Hairy Breasted Barbet – Tricholaema hirsute ansorgii
1991 Trip
This rare barbet was found in the Kakamega Forest, with 2 on the 29th and 1 on the 1st.

Red Fronted Barbet – Tricholaema diademata
One seen at Lake Baringo on the 22nd with 2 there on the 23rd. A pair visiting a nesting hole and feeding young in the Masai Mara on the 26th, and 27th.
1991 Trip
Just a single bird seen on the 26th.

Spot Flanked Barbet – Tricholaema lacrymosa
Just a single bird seen at the Outspan Hotel in the Aberdares on the 19th.
1991 Trip
Just found on this trip in the Masai Mara, with 10 on the 4th,and 1 on the 6th.


Female Spot Flanked Barbet

Black Throated Barbet – Tricholaema melanocephala stigmatothorax
One seen at the cliff face at Lake Baringo on the 23rd.
1991 Trip
Two seen in the Nairobi area on the 17th, with 1 on the 25th, and 2 seen at Lake Baringo cliff face on the 27th.


Black Throated Barbet

White Headed Barbet – Lybius leucocephalus
Three seen on the 27th in the Masai Mara.
1991 Trip
Four seen on the 17th near Nairobi, 3 seen on the 30th near River Nzoia and 1 on the 5th in the Masai Mara.

Black-Billed Barbet – Lybius guifsobalito
1991 Trip
Five seen on the 2nd near Kisumu.

Double Toothed Barbet – Lybius bidentatus aequatorialis
1991 Trip
Two seen on the 30th near the River Nzoia and 1 on the 4th in the Masai Mara.

Red and Yellow Barbet – Trachyphonus erythrocephalus
1991 Trip
Two of this fine barbet was found on the 24th on the edge of the Dida-Galgalla Desert.


 

Male Red and Yellow Barbet

D’Arnaud’s Barbet – Trachyphonus darnaudii
Recorded in a number of the national parks, on seven dates, with a maximum of 5 on the 23rd at Lake Baringo.
1991 Trip
 One seen on the 26th on the journey.
 The race “usambiro” often considered a full species was seen in the Masai Mara with 1 on the 3rd, and 4th and 2 on the 5th.


D’Arnaud’s Barbet


D’Arnaud’s Barbet Race usambiro

Black Throated (Greater) Honeyguide – Indicator indicator
One seen on the 22nd at Lake Baringo.
1991 Trip
One seen on the 27th, at Lake Baringo, and 1 on the 30th by the River Nzoia.

Lesser Honeyguide – Indicator minor teitensis
Just one seen on the 16th, at Tsavo West.
1991 Trip
Just one seen on the 30th in the River Nzoia area.

Thick Billed Honeyguide – Indicator conirostris conirostris
1991 Trip
Only seen in the Kakamega Forest with 2 on the 29th and 1 on the 1st.

Wahlberg’s Honeybird – Prodotiscus regulus regulus
1991 Trip
One found on the 20th in the Marau Forest.

Eastern (Green Backed) Honeybird – Prodotiscus zambesiae ellenbecki
1991 Trip
A surprise find in Nairobi Nat. Pk on the 17th, around the Admin buildings.

Red-Throated Wryneck – Jynx ruficollis ruficollis
1991 Trip
Two of these fine Wrynecks were seen on the 28th in the lodge grounds at Lake Nakuru.


Record shot of a Red-throated Wryneck

Nubian Woodpecker – Campethera nubica nubica
One seen on the 20th at Samburu and one on the 24th at Lake Naivasha.
1991 Trip
Four found on the 27th in the Rift Valley.


Female Nubian Woodpecker


Male Nubian Woodpecker

Mombasa Woodpecker – Camperhera mombassica
One tentatively identified on the 17th at Amboseli, and one in Sokoe Forest on the 1st.

Little Spotted Woodpecker – Campethera caillautii caillautii
Seen in Sokoe Forest with one on the 1st, 3 on the 2nd and 1 on the 3rd.
1991 Trip
Just seen in the Masai Mara with 2 on the 4th and 5th.

Fine Banded Woodpecker – Campethera tullbergi taeniolaema
1991 Trip
One found on the 18th at Mountain Lodge.

Buff Spotted Woodpecker – Campethera nivosa herberti
1991 Trip
Just 1 of this uncommon woodpecker, was found in the Kakamega Forest on the 29th.

Cardinal Woodpecker – Dendropicos fuscescens
Single birds recorded as follows: 18th in the Aberdares, 20th at Samburu, 23rd at Lake Baringo, 24th and 25th at Lake Baringo.
1991 Trip
Odd birds recorded on five dates.

Bearded Woodpecker – Dendriopicos namaquus
One seen on the 20th at Samburu, 2 on the 24th at the Rift Valley Lakes.
1991 Trip
Two seen on the 28th at Lake Nakuru.


Female Bearded Woodpecker

Grey Woodpecker – Dendropicos goertae
Single birds seen in Nairobi Nat. Pk. on the 13th and 14th, Samburu on the 19th and 22nd, and two in the Masai Mara on the 25th, with one there on the 26th.
1991 Trip
Single birds recorded on the 30th, 3rd and 6th with 2 on the 2nd.


Adult female Grey Woodpecker

Brown Backed Woodpecker – Picoides obsoletus
1991 Trip
Just 1 seen on the 20th in Marau Forest.

Singing Bush Lark – Mirafra cantillans
1991 Trip
Just one identified on the 25th in the Marsabit area.

White Tailed (Bush) Lark – Mirafra albicauda
One in the Masai Mara on the 25th with 10 there on the 26th.

Williams (Bush) Lark – Mirafra williamsi
1991 Trip 
At least 2 after consultation with Don Turner, were identified in the Dida Galgalla Desert on the 23rd. 

Rufous Naped Lark – Mirafra Africana
The common lark in the Masai Mara with at least 50 seen on the 26th, and 10 on the 27th. One originally identified as a Red Winged Lark on the playing field at Lake Naivash on the 24th and 25th now considered tobe this species. Probably also seen at other national parks but not identified for certain.
1991 Trip
Recorded on six dates with a maximum of 15 on the 5th in the Masai Mara.

Red Winged Lark – Mirafra hypermetra hypermetra
1991 Trip
One identified in the Dida-Galgalla Desert on the 23rd.

Flappet Lark – Mirafra rufocinnamomea
Only one was identified for certain on the 15th at Tsavo West. Almost certainly a number of other larks flushed on various game drives were suspected to relate to this species.
1991 Trip
Just a single bird identified on the 24th, at Marsabit.

Fawn Coloured Lark – Mirafra africanoides intercedens
Three identified at Akmboseli on the 16th, with 1 on the 25th, and 10 on the 26th in the Masai Mara.
1991 Trip
Just one identified on the 20th.

Pink Breasted Lark – Mirafra poecilosterna
1991 Trip 
Eight seen on the 21st in Samburu Game Reserve.

Red Capped Lark – Calandrella cinerea satururatior
Only two identified for certain although large numbers of unidentified larks were seen on many of the game drives but stops were not made to identify them. The two identified were on the 26th in the Masai Mara.
1991 Trip
Identified on four dates, with a maximum of 20 on the 3rd.




Red Capped Larks

Somali (Rufous) Short Toed Lark – Calandrella somalica megaensis
1991 Trip
30+ belonging to the southern Ethiopian race “megaensis”, were found on the plateau near Maralal on the 25th. Don Turner twitched these birds and they are included in the “Birds of Kenya”.

Masked Lark – Spizocorys personata
1991 Trip
Only seen on the black lava soil in the Dida-Galgalla Desert with 2 on the 23rd and 24th.


Masked Lark race yavelloensis

Crested Lark – Galerida cristata somaliensis
1991 Trip
Four found on the 23rd in the Dida-Galgalla Desert.

Thekla (Short Crested) Lark – Galerida theklae huriensis
1991 Trip
Ten of these larks were found on the lava rock soil in the Dida-Galgalla Desert on the 24th.


Thekla Lark

Fischer’s Sparrow Lark – Eremopterix leucopareia
A party of 40 were watched feeding by the road side on the drive to Amboseil on the 16th.
1991 Trip
Two seen on the 17th in the Ngong Hills, with 3 on the 21st at Samburu.

African Pied Wagtail – Motacilla aguimp vidua
Widespread and common.
1991 Trip
Recorded on 14 dates.


Adult Male African Pied Wagtail

Grey Wagtail – Motacilla cinerea cinerea
Just a single bird seen on the 15th at Mizna Springs.
1991 Trip
Just 1 seen on the 20th, at Moru Lodge.

Mountain Wagtail – Motacilla clara torrentium
1991 Trip
Seen in the Mt. Kenya area, with 2 on the 18th, 2 on the 19th and 3 on the 20th. Also seen on the 28th and 29th at Kakamega.

Cape Wagtail – Motacilla capensis wellsi
One seen at Treetops on the 22nd, and one on the 25th.
1991 Trip
Two seen on the 19th near Mt. Kenya.

Yellow Wagtail – Motacilla flava
Reasonable numbers seen both inland and at the coast.
1991 Trip
Good numbers seen throughout the trip, with a maximum of 70 on the 25th.

Grassland (Richards) Pipit – Anthus cinnamomeus
Small numbers recorded on nine dates at various locations.
1991 Trip
Four seen on the 25th, at the plateau near Maralal, with 1 on the 2nd and 2 on the 3rd at Lake Naivasha

Long Billed Pipit – Anthus similes hararensis
1991 Trip
One on the 17th in the Ngong Hills, and 2 in the Masai Mara on the 4th


Long-billed or Grassland Pipit

Plain Backed Pipit – Anthus leucophrys
A single bird identified on the 24th at Lake Naivasha with two seen in the Masai Mara on the 26th and 4 there on the 27th.
1991 Trip
One identified on the 23rd, in the north near Marsabit, which would appear out of range for this species.

 Malindi Pipit – Anthus melindae
Two birds located on a camp site at Malindi on the 31st and showed very well for some 15 minutes before heading off North.

Tree Pipit – Anthus trivialis
1991 Trip
Three singles seen on three dates.

Red Throated Pipit – Anthus cervinus
1991 Trip
Just one seen on the 5th, in the Masai Mara.

Golden Pipit – Tmeto thylacus tenellus
1991 Trip
A male briefly seen on the 20th at Samburu, with a second bird again only briefly seen on the 21st.

Yellow Throated Longclaw – Macronyx croceus
Small numbers seen on five dates with a maximum of 5 in the Masai Mara.
1991 Trip
One seen on the 28th, with 6 on the 30 near the River Nzoia. Also seen in the Masai Mara, with 10 on the 4th and 4 on the 5th


Adult Yellow Throated Longclaw
Sharpe’s Longclaw – Macronyx sharpei
1991 Trip
Two of these uncommon endemic, were seen on the 18th, on the Kingapop Pleateau, near Nairobi.

Rosy-Breasted Longclaw – Macronyx ameliae wintoni
1991 Trip
Four seen on the 25th, near Maralal.

Banded Martin – Riparia cincta
Eight seen in Nairobi Nat. Pk. on the 14th, 6 seen at Amboseli on the 16th, 1 at Lake Baringo on the 23rd and 8 in the Masai Mara on the 26th.
1991 Trip
Just 12 seen in the Masai Mara on the 4th.

African Sand (Plain) Martin – Riparia paludicola ducis
Small numbers recorded on six dates at the inland national parks, but not recorded from the coast. Maximum of 15 in Nairobi Nat. Pk. on the 13th.
1991 Trip
Fair numbers recorded on 8 dates.

Sand Martin – Riparia riparia riparia
Widespread, recorded on 12 days with up to 30 on a day. Just odd birds seen along the coast.
1991 Trip
Just recorded on five dates in small numbers.

Grey Rumped Swallow – Pseudhirundo griseopyga griseopyga
Just two birds seen at Lake Baringo on the 22nd.

Wire Tailed Swallow – Hirundo smithii smithii
One seen on the 16th at Amboseli with two there on the 18th. Recorded at Samburu, with 2 on the 19th and 15 on the 20th. Two also seen at the coast on the 28th.
1991 Trip
Just small numbers seen on 5 dates.

Eurasian (Barn) Swallow – Hirundo rustica rustica
Widespread, and large numbers seen daily.
1991 Trip
Very common, recorded daily

Ethiopian Swallow – Hirundo aethiopica
Recorded on ten dates but commonest along the coast with 20+ on the coast on the 2nd
1991 Trip
Just seen in the Dida Galgalla Desert region with 2 on the 23rd and 3 on the 24th.

Angola Swallow – Hirundo angolensis
1991 Trip
Six seen on the 20th near Moru Lodge, 10 on the 28th and 2 on the 29 at Kakamega, and 4 on the 4th and 5 on the 5th in the Masai Mara.

Red Rumped Swallow – Hirundo daurica emini
Small numbers seen at a number of inland national parks but not recorded along the coast. Recorded on eight dates in total with a maximum of 20 on the 16th at Amboseli.
1991 Trip
Small numbers recorded on 8 dates with a maximum of 12 on the 4th in the Masai Mara.

Mosque Swallow – Hirundo senegalensis
1991 Trip
Six seen on the 17th in the Nairobi area, 1 on the 19th at Mountain Lodge, 2 on the 26th at Maralal, 70 on the 4th and 4 on the 5th in the Masai Mara.

Lesser Striped Swallow – Hirundo abyssinica unitatis
Small numbers recorded along the coast with a daily maximum of 12 on the 1st.
1991 Trip
Small numbers recorded on 7 dates, with a maximum of 20 on the 21st and 2nd.



Lesser Striped Swallows

Rock Martin – Hirundo fuligula fusciventris
Seen at a number of the inland national parks but not along the coast. Recorded on six dates in total with a maximum of 15 on the 13th in Nairobi Nat. Pk.
1991 Trip
Just seen in small numbers on 5 dates with a maximum of 6 on the 17th near Nairobi.

House Martin – Delichon urbica urbica
Recorded on three dates with a maximum of 20 in the Aberdares on the 18th.
1991 Trip
Recorded in small numbers on 5 dates.

Black Saw-Wing – Psalidoprocne holomelas
Recorded as follows: 8 on the 14th in Nairobi Nat. Pk., 6 on the 18th at Outspan, 20 on the 21st at Outspan and Treetops, with12 on the 26th and 2 on the 27th in the Masai Mara.
1991 Trip
Seen in the Mt. Kenya area, with 6 on the 18th, 8 on the 19th and 4 on the 20th. Also at Kakamega, with 2 on the 28th and 4 on the 29th and in the Masai Mara, with 12 on the 3rd,10 on the 4th and 5th and finally 15 on the 6th.

White Headed Saw-Wing – Psalidoprocne albiceps albiceps
Good views were obtained of 2 in the Masai Mara on the 26th.
1991 Trip
Just seen in the Kakamega area with 12 on the 28th, 15 on the 29th and 12 on the 1st.

Cameroon Sombre Greenbul – Andropadus curvirostris curvirostris
1991 Trip
Identified only in the Kakamega Forest, with 2 on the 28th, 4 on the 29th and 2 on the 1st.

Ansorge’s Greenbul – Andropadus ansorgei kavirondensis
1991 Trip
Just two singles identified in the Kakamega Forest on the 29th and the 1st.

Little Greenbul – Andropadus virens zombensis
Three seen in Sokoke Forest on the 3rd.
1991 Trip
Only seen at Kakamega Forest and River Nzoia, with 1 on the 29th and 6 on the 30th.

Yellow Whiskered Greenbul – Andropadus latirostris latirostris
Five seen on the 18th at Outspan in the Aberdares.
1991 Trip
Two seen on the 20th near Moru Lodge, and then at Kakamega Forest with 4 on the 28th, 8 on the 29th and 4 on the 1st.

Slender Billed Greenbul – Andropadus gracilirostris
1991 Trip
One seen on the 20th, at Marau Forest, and then in the Kakamega Forest with 2 on the 28th, 6 on the 29th, and 4 on the 1st.

Shelley’s Greenbul – Andropadus masukuensis
1991 Trip
Only identified in the Kakamega Forest, with 6 on the 28th, 10 on the 29th and 4 on the 1st.

Mountain Greenbul – Andropadus nigriceps
1991 Trip
Two seen on the 18th, and 3 on the 19th at Mt. Kenya.

Zanzibar Sombre Greenbul – Andropadus importunes insularis
Very common in the thick coastal scrub at Kilifi on the 29th. As many as 20 were holding territory and many were singing in the small area covered.

Cabinis’s (Placid) Greenbul – Phyllastrephus cabanisi
1991 Trip
Just 2 identified in Kakamega Forest on the 29th.

Northern Brownbul – Phyllastrephus strepitans
1991 Trip
Two seen on the 4th in the Masai Mara.

Honeyguide Greenbul – Baeopogon indicator indicator
1991 Trip
Two 2 identified in Kakamega Forest on the 1st.

Yellow Bellied Greenbul – Chlorocichla flaviventris centralis
Only seen in Sokoke Forest with 2 on the 1st, and 3 on the 2nd.

Joyful Greenbul – Chlorocichla laetissima
1991 Trip
Only seen in Kakamega Forest where it proved to be quite common, with 10 on the 28th,15 on the 29th and 6 on the 1st.

Yellow Throated Leaflove – Chlorocichla flavicollis pallidigula
1991 Trip
 Ten seen on the 30th along the River Nzoia with 1 on the 2nd near Kisumu.

Common (Yellow Vented) Bulbul – Pycnonotus barbatus
Very common and widespread.
1991 Trip
Very common, and seen in good numbers daily.

Red Tailed Bristlebill – Bleda syndactyla woosnami
1991 Trip
Just 2 seen in Kakamega Forest on the 29th.

Eastern Nicator – Nicator gularis
Three at Gedi on the 30th and 2 at Sokoke Florest on the 1st and 2nd.

Black Lored Babbler – Turdoides sharpei (melanops)
Two seen on the 18th at Amboseli with 3 on the 24th, and 10 on the 25th at Lake Naivasha.
1991 Trip
Seen at Lake Baringo, with 6 on the 26th and 4 on the 27th. 12 seen on the 1st near Kisumu, and 6 on the 3rd in the Masai Mara.


Black Lored Babbler race vepres


Black Lored Babbler race sharpei

Arrow Marked Babbler – Turdoides jardineii
1991 Trip
Only seen in the Masai Mara with 1 on the 4th and 8 on the 5th. Excellent views obtained.


Arrow Marked Babbler

Brown Babbler – Turdoides plebejus cinereus
1991 Trip
Two seen on the 26th at Maralal.


Brown Babbler

Hinde’s (Pied) Babbler – Turdoides hindei
1991 Trip
Three of this very scarce Kenyan endemic, showed very well on the 18th near Kieni Forest. 


Poor record shot of the Hinde’s (Pied) Babbler (light variation)

Northern Pied Babbler – Turdoides hypoleucus
Ten seen in Nairobi City Park on the 14th
1991 Trip
Six seen at Nairobi on the 17th


Northern Pied Babbler

Rufous Chatterer – Turdoides rubiginosus
One seen on the 16th at Amboseli, Seen at Samburu, with 4 on the 19th and 2 on the 20th.  Common around Lake Baringo, with 10 seen on the 22nd, 8 on the 23rd, and 2 on the 24th.
1991 Trip
Three seen on the 22nd and 2 on the 27th at Lake Baringo.

African Hill Babbler – Pseudoalcippe abyssinica abyssinica
Only seen at Outspan in the Aberdares with 3 on the 18th, 2 on the 19th, and 2 on the 21st.

Brown Illadopsis – Illadopsis fulvescens ugandae
1991 Trip
Four identified in Kakamega Forest on the 29th.

Scaly Breasted Illadopsis – Illadopsis albipectus barakae
1991 Trip
Just one identified in Kakamega Forest on the 1st.

White Starred (Forest) Robin – Pogonocichla stellata
1991 Trip
This stunning robin was first seen on the 19th at Mt. Kenya and then again on the 28th in Kakamega Forest. 

Equatoria Akalat – Sheppardia aequatorialis
1991 Trip
Four seen on the 1st in the Kakamega Forest.

Red Capped Robin-Chat – Cossypha natalensis
Three at Gedi on the 30th, 5 on the 1st and 6 on the 2nd in Sokoke Forest Superb!


Red Capped Robin-Chat

Ruppell’s Robin-Chat – Cossypha semirufa
1991 Trip
Only seen on Mt. Kenya with 4 on the 19th and 3 on the 20th. Superb!

White Browed Robin-Chat – Cossypha heuglini
Five seen on the 24th and 2 on the 25th at Lake Baringo, with one on the 26th in the Masai Mara.
1991 Trip
Two seen on the 19th at Mountain Lodge, with 2 on the 2nd and 1 on the 3rd at Lake Naivasha and 2 in the Masai Mara on the 5th.




White-browed Robin-Chats

Cape Robin-Chat – Cossypha caffra iolaema
Just one seen at Outspan in the Aberdares on the 18th.
1991 Trip
Singles seen on five dates.

Brown Chested Alethe – Alethe poliocephala
1991 Trip
Three seen on the 29th in Kakamega Forest.

Red Tailed Ant Thrush – Neocossyphus rufus rufus
This beautiful bird was only seen in Sokoke Forest with 2 on the 1st, and 3 on the 2nd.

White Tailed Ant Thrush – Neocossyphus poensis praepectoralis
1991 Trip
Only seen in Kakamega Forest, with 1 on the 28th and 2 on the 29th. Excellent views.

Spotted Morning Thrush – Cichladusa guttata
Two seen on the 21st at Samburu. Seen at Lake Baringo with 8 on the 22nd and 23rd, and 1 on the 24th.
1991 Trip
One seen on the 17th near Nairobi, 2 on the 26th and 6 on the 27th at Lake Baringo



Spotted Morning Thrushes

White Browed (Red Backed) Scrub Robin – Cercotrichas leucophrys
Just one seen, which was displaying in Nairobi Nat. Pk. on the 13th and gave excellent views.
1991 Trip
Three seen in Nairobi Nat. Pk on the 17th, 2 on the 24th at Marsabit, 8 on the 27th and 2 on the 28th in the Rift Valley


White-browed Scrub-Robin

Brown Backed Scrub Robin – Cercotrichas hartlaubi
1991 Trip
Two seen in the Kakamega Forest on the 30th.

Eastern Bearded Scrub Robin – Cercotrichas quadrivirgata quadrivirgata
One found in Sokoke Forest on the 2nd.

Irania (White Throated Robin) – Irania gutturalis
1991 Trip
On the drive to Marsabit on the 22nd, we stopped at a café and found 2 lstyr birds skulking in some bushes around the café.

African Stonechat – Saxicola (torquata) axillaries
Recorded sitting on road side fences on the journeys over high-ground on 5 dates.
1991 Trip
Just seen on four dates with a maximum of 10 on the 20th.

Whinchat – Saxicola rubetra
1991 Trip
Four seen on the 30th with 1 on the 6th.

Northern Wheatear – Oenanthe oenanthe
Recorded in small numbers in most of the inland national parks but only seen once on the coast.
1991 Trip
Recorded in fair numbers on 8 dates with a maximum of 20 on the 3rd in the Masai Mara


Adult Northern Wheatear in winter plumage

Pied Wheatear – Oenanthe pleschanka pleschanka
Recorded on six dates inland but not seen at the coast. Maximum of 3 on the 20th at Samburu.
1991 Trip
Common with good numbers seen on 14 dates, with a maximum of 50 on the 21st at Samburu


Adult Male in winter plumage Pied Wheatear

Isabelline Wheatear – Oenanthe isabellina
Two seen on the 16th at Amboseli, with 2 at Lake Baringo on the 23rd, and 24th, with one on the 26th in the Masai Mara.
1991 Trip
Common and recorded on 13 dates with a maximum of 40 on the 23rd in the Dida-Galgalla Desert



Isabelline Wheatear

Schalow’s Wheatear – Oenanthe (lugubris) schalowi
Three of these fine Wheatears was seen near the road side as we were driving away from Lake Naivasha on the 25th. Superb!
1991 Trip
One seen on the 3rd at Lake Naivasha and 5 on the journey back to Nairobi on the 6th


Adult male Schalow’s Wheatear

Capped Wheatear – Oenanthe pileata livingstonii
Our only record was of a single bird seen in the Masai Mara on the 27th.
1991 Trip
12 seen on the 18th, on the Kinangop Pleateau,and 2 in the Masai Mara on the 3rd.


Adult Capped Wheatear

Red Tailed (Familiar) Chat – Cercomela familiaris
1991 Trip
Four seen in the Masai Mara on the 4th.

Brown Tailed Rock Chat – Cercomela scotocerca turkana
1991 Trip
Six seen in the Masai Mara on the 24th.

Alpine Chat – Cercomela sordida
1991 Trip
We found 25 of these Chats on the way up Mt. Kenya on the 19th and some were very tame.

Northern Anteater Chat – Myrmecocichla aethiops cryptoleuca
Seen on the journeys but common in the Rift Valley Lakes areas and at the Masai Mara. Maximum seen 30 on the 25th.
1991 Trip
Recorded in fair numbers on six dates, with a maximum of 25 at Lake Naivasha


Adult Northern Anteater Chat

Sooty Chat – Myrmecocichla nigra
Only seen in the Masai Mara, with 40 on the 26th but only 2 on the 27th when different sites were visited.
1991 Trip
Just seen in the Masai Mara, with 6 on the 3rd, 8 on the 4th, 10 on the 5th and 6 on the 6th


Adult male Sooty Chat

Cliff Chat – Thamnolaea cinnamomeiventris subrufipennis
This stunning species was only seen at Lake Baringo cliff face when 2 males were seen very well on the 23rd.
1991 Trip
Singles seen at the cliff face at Lake Baringo on the 26th and 27th



Male Cliff Chat

Rock Thrush – Monticola saxatilis
1991 Trip
Two seen on the 17th in the Ngong Hills, with singles on the 2nd, 4th and 6th


1stW/Female Rock Thrush

Spotted Ground Thrush – Zoothera guttata fischeri
One seen feeding on the ground at Gedi on the 30th. Superb!

Abyssinian Ground Thrush – Zoothera piaggiae
1991 Trip
One found on Mt. Kenya on the 19th. Superb and one of the highlights of the trip!


Adult Abyssinian Ground Thrush

Olive Thrush – Turdus olivaceus abyssinicus
Four seen at Nairobi on the 14th with 2 on the 15th. Four at Outspan in the Aberdares on the 18th and 3 on the 19th.
1991 Trip
Two seen on the 17th near Nairobi, 2 on the 18th, 3 on the 19th, and 20th in the Mt. Kenya area, one on the 23rd and 2 on the 24th at Marsabit.

African Thrush – Turdus pelios centralis
1991 Trip
One seen on the 30th near the River Nzoia, and 2 on the 2nd near Kisumu.

Bare Eyed Thrush – Turdus tephronotus
Four seen on the 20th at Samburu.
1991 Trip
One seen on the 21st, with 2 on the 22nd at Samburu.

Spotted Flycatcher – Muscicapa striata
Recorded on nine dates, both inland and at the coast, with a maximum of 6 on the 26th.
1991 Trip
Just one seen on the 21st, at Samburu.

African Dusky Flycatcher – Muscicapa adusta interposita
Just two seen in the Masai Mara, on the 25th.
1991 Trip
Recorded in fair numbers on six dates, with a maximum of 15 on the 19th at Mt.Kenya


African Dusky Flycatcher

Swamp Flycatcher – Muscicapa aquatica infulata
1991 Trip
Just seen in the reeds at Lake Victoria with 1 on the 1st and 7 on the 2nd


Adult Swamp Flycatcher

Ashy Flycatcher – Muscicapa caerulescens
One found at Amboseli on the 17th.
1991 Trip
Just 1 seen on the 5th in the Masai Mara.

White Eyed Slaty Flycatcher – Melaenornis fischeri 
Eight seen on the 18th, 2 on the 19th, and one on the 21st at Outspan in the Aberdares. Also seen at Lake Baringo with 2 on the 24th, and 4 on the 25th.
1991 Trip
Recorded on nine dates, with a maximum of 12 on the 20th in the Moru Lodge area.


Adult White Eyed Slaty Flycatcher

Northern Black Flycatcher – Melaenornis deolioides
1991 Trip
One seen in the Madende Creek area on the 30th, and then 2 seen in the Masai Mara on four dates

Southern Black Flycatcher – Melaenornis pammelaina
Singles seen on the 16th, and 18th at Amboseli. Good numbers recorded on the three dates at Samburu with a maximum of 15 on the 20th.
1991 Trip
Recorded on six dates, but not in the West, with a maximum of 5 on the 21st at Samburu


Adult Southern Black Flycatcher

African Grey Flycatcher – Bradornis microrhynchus
One seen at Samburu on the 20th, and one on the 23rd at Lake Baringo. Common in the  Masai Mara with 8 on the 26th, 6 on the 27th. One at the coast on the 28th.
1991 Trip
Recorded on 7 dates with upto 6 on a day


African Grey Flycatcher with young

Pale Flycatcher – Bradornis pallidus subalaris
Small numbers recorded along the coast road, on several dates.

Silverbird – Empidornis semipartitus
1991 Trip
Three seen on the 2nd on a stop on the journey to Lake Naivasha.

Eurasian Reed Warbler – Acrocephalus scirpaceus fuscus
1991 Trip
Ten seen on the 2nd around Kisumu and Lake Victoria.

African Reed Warbler – Acrocephalus baeticatus cinnamomeus
1991 Trip
Just one seen around the edge of Lake Victoria on the 1st.

Greater Swamp Warbler – Acrocephalus rufescens ansorgei.
1991 Trip
Only seen around Lake Vkictoria, with 1 on the 1st and 5 on the 2nd

Lesser Swamp Warbler – Acrocephalus gracilirostris parvus
Eight seen on the 24th with nine on the 25th all at Lake Naivasha
1991 Trip
Again only seen at Lake Naivasha, with 3 on the 2nd and 6 on the 3rd

 

Lesser Swamp Warbler

Eastern Olivaceous Warbler – Hippolais pallida elaeica
1991 Trip
Recorded on 7 dates with a maximum of 4 on the 30th by the River Nzoia.

Icterine Warbler – Hippolais icterina
1991 Trip
Just 1 seen on the 20th, Marau Forest.

Common Whitethroat – Sylvia communis
1991 Trip
One seen on the 22nd, at Samburu.

Garden Warbler – Sylvia borin
1991 Trip
Just 2 seen on the 30th along the River Nzoia.

Blackcap – Sylvia atricapilla
1991 Trip
Recorded on five dates with a maximum of 5 on the 19th at Mt. Kenya.

Willow Warbler – Phylloscopus trochilus
In total 5 birds seen on four dates but not recorded along the coast.
1991 Trip
Recorded in small numbers on 9 dates.

Uganda Woodland Warbler – Phylloscopus budongoensis
1991 Trip
Only seen in the Kakamega Forest, with 1 on the 28th, 2 on the 29th and 2 on the 1st.

Brown Woodland Warbler – Phylloscopus umbrovirens mackenzianus
1991 Trip
Recorded on two dates, with 1 on the 18th, and 2 on the 20th in the Mt. Kenya area.

Green Hylia – Hylia prasina prasina
1991 Trip
Just two singles seen, in the Kakamega Forest on the 28th and 29th.

Little Rush Warbler – Bradypterus baboecala
1991 Trip
One seen on the 19th.

Cinnamon Bracken Warbler – Bradypterus cinnamomeus
1991 Trip
One seen on the 18th in the Mountain Lodge area, with 2 on the 28th.

Black Faced Rufous Warbler – Bathmocercus rufus vulpinus
1991 Trip
Six seen on the 29th and 7 on the 1st in the Kakamega Forest.

Broad Tailed (Fan Tailed) Warbler – Schoenicola brevirostris alexinae
1991 Trip
Just 1 seen on the 6th in the Masai Mara.

Papyrus Yellow Warbler – Chloropeta gracilirostris
1991 Trip
Just one found on the 2nd at Kisumu.

Dark Capped Yellow Warbler – Chloropeta natalensis massaica
1991 Trip
Just 2 seen on the 17th in the Nairobi area.

Mountain Yellow Warbler – Chloropeta smiilis
1991 Trip
Just one found on the 28th.

Cisticola sp.
Hundreds of cisticolas were flushed on the game drives but of course no identification could be attempted with these birds.
1991 Trip
Birdquest had a number of stakeouts for many of the Cisticolas and with tape play-back, we successfully saw many of the different species.

Singing Cisticola – Cisticola cantans pictipennis
1991 Trip
One seen on the 17th, at a stakeout near Nairobi.

Red Faced Cisticola – Cisticola erythrops Sylvia
1991 Trip
Four singles were identified, on the 30th by the River Nzoia, on the 2nd around Kisumu,
And in the Masai Mara on the 4th and 6th.

Trilling Cisticola – Cisticola woosnami woosnami
Two identified on the 5th, in the Masai Mara.

Hunter’s Cisticola – Cisticola hunteri
1991 Trip
Six found in the Mt. Kenya area on the 19th.

Chubb’s Cisticola –Cisticola chubby chubby
1991 Trip
Two found on the 29th in Kakamega Forest.

Tiny Cisticola – Cisticola nanus
Although many small cisticolas were flushed on the game drives, this species was only identified for certain at Tsavo West on the 15th.

Levaillant’s (Tinkling) Cisticola
Ten were tentatively identified at the Rift Valley Lakes on the 25th.
1991 Trip
Just one identified on the 28th, close to Lake Nakuru.

Winding Cisticola – Ckisticola galactotes
Ten recorded on the 23rd at Lake Baringo with one on the 24th.
1991 Trip
Recorded on five dates with a maximum of 6 on the 2nd.

Carruthers’s Cisticola – Cisticola carruthersi
1991
One seen on the 2nd at Lake Victoria, it took some time to locate the bird at this stakeout.

Stout Cisticola Cisticola robustus nuchalis
Two were seen in Nairobi Nat. Pk. on the 13th with 6 there on the 14th.
1991 Trip
Eight seen in the Nairobi area including the National Park on the 17th. Also seen the in the Masai Mara, with 2 on the 3rd, 30 on the 4th.12 on the 5th and 6 on the 6th.


Stout Cisticola

Rattling Cisticola – Cisticola chiniana
Twenty seen in the Lake Baringo area on the 23rd with 6 there on the 24th.
1991 Trip
Three seen on the 17th, 1 on the 23rd, 8 on the 26th at Lake Baringo,and also in the Masai Mara with 4 on the 4th and 5 on the 5th.

Boran Cistacola – Cisticola bodessa bodessa
1991 Trip
One seen on the 20th at a stake out near Mt.Kenya.

Zitting Cisticola – Cisticola juncidis uropygialis
Just one identified at Lake Baringo on the 23rd, although others at other sites probably belonged to this species.

Pectoral Patch Cisticola – Cisticola brunnescens
1991 Trip
Ten seen on the 25th stopping on the drive to Maralal.

Wing-Snapping Cisticola – Cisticola ayresii mauensis
Two, considered to be this species, were found in very short grass and showed well around the edge of Lake Nakuru on the 24th.
1991 Trip
One seen on the 17th near Nairobi.

Tawny Flanked Prinia – Prinia subflava melanorhyncha
Ten seen on the 16th at Tsavo West, with 2 on the 24th and 25th at Lake Naivasha.
1991 Trip
Twelve seen in the Nairobi area on the 17th, with 2 on the 20th at the Marau Forest, and upto 15 on a day in the Masai Mara on the four dates there.

Banded Prinia – Prinia bairdii melanops
1991 Trip
Two seen on the 29th and 4 on the 1st in the Kakamega Forest.

White Chinned Prinia – Prinia leucopogon reichenowi
1991 Trip
Seen in the Kakamega area with 12 on the 28th, 6 on the 29th, 4 on the 30th and3 on the 1st. 

Grey Wren Wabler – Calamonastes simplex
1991 Trip
One seen on the 17th in the Nairobi area, and 2 on the 24th at Marsabit, 

Grey Backed Camaroptera – Camaroptera brachyura
Small numbers seen at Lake Baringo and Lake Naivasha areas, and singles seen in Sokoke Forest on the 1st and 2nd.
1991 Trip
Singles recorded on nine dates with 2 on the 17th in the Nairobi area.

Olive Green Camaroptera – Camaroptera chloronota toroensis
1991 Trip
Singles recorded on the 29th and the 1st in the Kakamega Forest.

Yellow Breasted Apalis – Apalis flavida
One seen in Nairobi Nat. Pk. on the 13th. Two seen at Lake Baringo on the 22nd, with 3 there on the 23rd and 3 at Lake Naivasha on the 24th.
1991 Trip
Six seen on the 17th in Nairobi Nat. Pk., 1 on the 19th on Mt. Kenya, 2 on the 4th and 1 on the 5th in the Masai Mara.

Chestnut Throated Apalis – Apalis porphyrolaema porphyrolaema
1991 Trip
One found on Mt. Kenya on the 18th, and 1 on the 28th.

Buff Throated Apalis – Apalis rufogularis nigrescens
1991 Trip
Just one found on the 1st in the Kakamega Forest.

Grey Apalis – Apalis cinerea cinerea
1991 Trip
Two seen on the 18th and 6 on the 19th at Mt. Kenya, with 1 on 23rd at Marsabit.

Black Headed Apalis – Apalis melanocephala melanocephala
Only seen in Sokoke Forest, with one on the 29th, one on the 1st and a party of 6 on the 3rd.

Black Collared Apalis – Apalis pulchra pulchra
1991 Trip
Just 3 seen on the 29th, in the Kakamega Forest.

Red Fronted (Red Faced Apalis) Warbler – Spiloptila rufifrons rufifrons
1991 Trip
Just seen in the Dida-Galgalla Desert, with 2 on the 23rd, and 5 on the 24th.

Grey Capped Warbler – Eminia lepida
Two seen and heard on the 24th and 25th at Lake Naivasha.
1991 Trip
Singles seen on the 2nd at Lake Naivasha, and on the 6th in Masai Mara.

Northern Crombec – Sylvietta brachyura
One seen on the 13th at Nairobi Nat. Pk, 2 on the 17th at Amboseli, and 2 on the 24th and 25th at the Rift Valley Lakes.
1991 Trip
Seen at Samburu with 4 on the 21st, and 3 on the 22nd. Also seen in the Dida Galgalla Desert, with 2 on the 23rd, and 1 on the 24th. Two seen on the 26th.

Red Faced Crombec – Sylvietta whytii
Singles seen on the 24th at Lake Naivasha and on the 27th in the Masai Mara.
1991 Trip
One seen on the 17th in the Nairobi area.

White Browed Crombec – Sylvietta leucophrys leucophrys
1991 Trip
One seen on the 18th in the Mt. Kenya area and one on the 28th in the Kakamega Forest.

Yellow Bellied Eremomela – Eremomela icteropygialis
Recorded at Lake Baringo with 4 on the 23rd, and 2 on the 24th.
1991 Trip
Two seen on the 24th in the Marsabit area and 1 on the 5th in the Masai Mara.

Yellow Vented Eremomela – Eremomela flavicrissalis
1991 Trip
Two singles seen on the 25 and 26th in the Maralal area.

Buff Bellied Warbler – Phyllolais pulchella
1991 Trip
Two seen in the Nairobi area on the 17th.

Brown Parisoma – Parisoma boehmi
1991 Trip
Just a single bird seen in the Nairobi area on the 17th.

Abyssinian White-Eye – Zosterops abyssinicus
Twelve seen in Nairobi Nat. Pk., on the 13th with 3 on the 15th at Tsavo West and 6 there on the 16th. Four seen at Lake Baringo on the 24th, with 3 at Lake Naivasha on the 25th.
1991 Trip
25 seen in the Nairobi Nat. Pk. was our only sighting.

Montane White-Eye – Zosterops poliogaster kikuyuensis
Only seen at Outspan in the Aberdares, with one on the 18th and four on the 19th.
1991 Trip
Recorded at Mt. Kenya, with 20 on the 18th and 19th and 4 on the 20th, and six on the 28th.

Yellow White-Eye – Zosterops senegalensis
1991 Trip
One seen on the 24th at Marsabit and belonged to the race “jacksoni”, with 6 on the 28th, 10 on the 29th, and 6 on the 1st in the Kakamega Forest, belonged to the race “stuhlmanni”.

Northern Grey Tit – Parus thruppi barakae
Just a single bird seen at Lake Baringo on the 22nd.
1991 Trip
Just 6 seen on the 26th at Lake Baringo.

Dusky Tit – Parus funereus
1991 Trip
Just a single bird found at Kakamega Forest on the 1st.

White Bellied (Breasted) Tit – Parus albiventris
A party of 12 present at Lake Naivasha on the 24th.
1991 Trip
Two seen on the 27th, with 1 on the 5th in the Masai Mara.

Red Throated Tit – Parus fringillinus
1991 Trip
Just 3 found on the 17th at Lake Magadi.

Mouse Coloured Penduline Tit – Anthoscopus musculus
Singles seen in Nairobi Nat. Pk. on the 13th, and at Tsavo West on the 15th.
1991 Trip
Two seen on the 21st at Samburu.

Little Yellow Flycatcher – Erythrocercus holochlorus
Only seen in Sokoke Forest, with 1 on the 2nd and 2 on the 3rd.

African Blue Flycatcher – Elminia longicauda teresita
1991 Trip
Two seen in Kakamega Forest on the 29th and 1st, with 1 on the 3rd, 2 on the 4th and 4 on the 5th in the Masai Mara. Another stunning species.

White Tailed Crested Flycatcher – Trochocercus albonotatus
1991 Trip
A single bird found on the 18th at Mt. Kenya.

Dusky Crested Flycatcher – Trochocercus nigromitratus
1991 Trip
Two, of this uncommon flycatcher, were found in the Kakamega Forest on the 29th.

African Paradise Flycatcher – Terpsiphone viridis
Small numbers seen on seven dates with the majority seen at Lake Baringo with a maximum of 4 on the 24th. Also saw a superb “white” morph male at Lake Baringo.
1991 Trip
Recorded on 8 dates, with a maximum of 6 on the 27th.

Chinspot Batis – Batis molitor
Seen at Outspan in the Aberdares, with 4 on the 18th and 1 on the 19th. Also 1 on the 25th in the Masai Mara.
1991 Trip
Four,seen on the 17th,near Nairobi, with 2 on the 2nd and 4 on the 3rd at Lake Naivasha.

 

Female Chinspot Batis

Forest Batis – Batis mixta ultima
Just seen in Sokoke Forest with 2 on the 1st and 4 on the 2nd.

Common Wattle-Eye – Platysteira cyanea nyansae
A pair seen in the Masai Mara on the 26th.
1991 Trip
Two in the Kakamega Forest on the 28th, and one there on the 1st. One in the Masai Mara on the 6th.

Chestnut Wattle-eye – Dyaphorophyia castanea castanea
1991 Trip
Two found in Kakamega Forest on the 29th. Superb!

Jameson’s Wattle-Eye – Dyaphorophyia jamesoni
1991 Trip
A single bird found on the 29th in the Kakamega Forest. Showed very well and was stunning, and one of the highlights of the trip.

Retz’s (Red Billed) Helmet-Shrike – Prionops retzii graculina
Only seen in Sokoke Forest with 10 on the 1st and 8 on the 2nd.

Northern White Crowned Shrike – Eurocephalus rueppelli
Widespread and common at most inland sites, but not seen at Nairobi or at the coast.
1991 Trip
Two seen on the 20th and 3 on the 21st at Samburu, and 4 on the 27th


Pair of Northern White Crowned Shrikes

Red Backed Shrike – Lanius collurio
Single birds seen on the 26th in the Masai Mara, and on the 31st near Malindi.

Isabelline (Red Tailed) Shrike – Lanius isabellinus
1991 Trip
Seen in good numbers at Samburu, with 2 on the 20th,5 on the 21st and 12 on the 22nd.



Isabelline Shrike

Mackinnon’s Fiscal (Shrike) – Lanius mackinnoni
1991 Trip
Two singles of this uncommon shrike were found near Kakamega on the 1st and 2nd, and excellent views obtained with photographs.


Adult male Mackinnon’s Fiscal

Grey Backed Fiscal – Lanius excubitoroides excubitoroides
Common at Baringo and Naviasha areas where up to 20 in a day could be seen.
1991 Trip
Recorded as the previous trip, with 1 also seen in the Masai Mara on the 5th.

 


Adult male Grey Backed Fiscals

Long Tailed Fiscal – Lanius cabanisi
Common at Amboseli and along the coast when up to 15 birds could easily be seen in a day.
1991 Trip
Only seen on the 17th, when 6 were seen in the Nairobi area,


Adult Male Long Tailed Fiscal

Taita Fiscal – Lanius dorsalis
Not as common as the previous two species, but recorded in small numbers, ie up to 10 in a day from a number of inland sites. Not found along the coast.
1991 Trip
Only seen at Samburu, with 4 on the 20th, 8 on the 21st and 4 on the 22nd


Adult Taita Fiscal

Somali Fiscal – Lanius somalicus
1991 Trip
This uncommon and local shrike was found in the Dida-Galgalla Desert, with 8 on the 23rd and 6 on the 24th. Excellent views obtained and was photographed.



Adult male Somali Fiscal

Common Fiscal – Lanius collaris humeralis
Very common and generally widespread, but absent from the coast. Just one seen at Lake Baringo. When travelling on the road, 30+ could easily be seen in a day.
1991 Trip
Very common, with a maximum of 60 on the 20th, but not seen on the 20th or 23rd.


Adult female Common Fiscal


Juvenile Common Fiscal

Brubru – Nilaus afer
Seen at Lake Baringo, with 1 on the 22nd, 2 on the 23rd, and 1 on the 24th. Also 1 on the 26th in the Masai Mara.
1991 Trip
Recorded on five dates, but never more than 2 on a day.

Brown Crowned (Headed) Tchagra – Tchagra australis
1991 Trip
Two singles seen, the first on the 20th at Marau Forest, and the second on the 4th in the Masai Mara, and belonged to the race “emini”.

Three Streaked Tchagra – Tchagra jamesi jamesi
1991 Trip
Two were found on the 24th, in the Marsabit area.

Black Crowned (Headed) Tchagra – Tchagra senegala senegala
One on the 16th at Tsavo West, and 2 in the Malindi coastal scrub on the 31st.
1991 Trip
One seen on the 4th in the Masai Mara


Adult Black-crowned Tchagra

Sulphur Breasted Bush Shrike – Malaconotus sulfureopectus similes
Only seen in the Lake Baringo area, with 2 on the 22nd, and 3 on the 23rd.
1991 Trip
Two seen on the 17th near Nairobi, and one on the 27th at Lake Baringo


Adult Sulphur Breasted Bush Shrike

Grey Headed Bush Shrike – Malaconotus blanchoti
Three seen very well on the 25th at Lake Naivasha
1991 Trip
Just 1 seen on the 5th in the Masai Mara


Adult Grey Headed Bush Shrike

Black Headed Gonolek – Laniarius erythrogaster
1991 Trip
Two seen on the 30th in the Madende Creek/River Nzoia area, and 1 on the 1st near Kisumu.

Rosy Patched Bush Shrike – Rhodophoneus cruentus
One seen on the 15th at Tsavo West belonged to the race “cathemagmena” and a party of 5 on the 20th at Samburu belonged to the race “hilgerti”.


Rosy Patched Bush Shrike race hilgerti

Luhder’s Bush Shrike – Laniarius luehderi luehderi
1991 Trip
This superb shrike was seen in the Kakamega Forest, with 1 on the 28th, 3 on the 29th and 1 on the 1st.

Tropical Boubou – Laniarius aethiopicus
Seen in the Aberdares, with 4 on the 18th and 2 on the 19th. At Lake Naivasha, with 6 on the 24th and 12 on the 25th, and also in Sokoke Forest with 2 on the 1st and 2nd and 1 on the 3rd.
1991 Trip
Recorded on 6 dates, with a maximum of  8 on the 28th.


Tropical Boubou race ambiguus

Slate Coloured Boubou – Laniarius funebris
Just 2 seen at Lake Baringo on the 23rd.
1991 Trip
Two seen on the 17th in the Nairobi area, and 1 on the 21st  at Samburu.

Black Backed Puffback – Dryoscopus cubla
Four seen on the 24th at the Rift Valley Lakes belonged to the race “hamatus”. Two seen on the 1st and 2nd with 1 on the 3rd in Sokoke Forest, belonged to the race “affinis”
1991 Trip
Up to 3 recorded on seven dates.


Female Black Backed Puffback

Pink Footed Puffback – Dryoscopus angolensis nandensis
1991 Trip
Two of these uncommon puffbacks were well seen in Kakamega Forest on the 29th.

Black Cuckoo-Shrike – Campephaga flava
Three seen at Outspan in the Aberdares on the 18th, with one on the 24th at Lake Naivasha. Three seen in Sokoke Forest on the 1st with 1 on the 2nd.
1991 Trip
One seen on the 17th in the Nariobi area, with one on the 27th in the Rift Valley.

Petit’s Cuckoo-Shrike – Campephaga petiti
1991 Trip
Only seen in Kakamega Forest with 1 on the 29th, and 2 on the 1st.

Purple Throated Cuckoo-Shrike – Campephaga quiscalina martini
1991 Trip
One female identified on the 20th at Marau Forest.

Grey Cuckoo-Shrike – Coracina caesia pura
A single bird seen well at Thompson Falls in the Aberdares on the 22nd.
1991 Trip
One seen on the 24th at Marsabit, and 1 on the 28th.

Common Drongo – Dicrurus adsimilis
Very common and widespread and seen virtually daily in small numbers.
1991 Trip
Common and widespread.

Square Tailed Drongo – Dicrurus ludwigii
1991 Trip
Just 2 seen at Kakamega on the 1st.

Black Headed Oriole – Oriolus larvatus rolleti
One seen in Nairobi on the 13th with 2 at Ambsoeli on the 16th. Up to 3 recorded on three dates in Sokoke Forest.
1991 Trip
One seen on the 17th at Lake Magadi, 2 on the 26th and 6 on the 27th, and 1 on the 2nd


Adult male Black Headed Oriole

Montane Oriole – Oriolus percivali
1991 Trip
Three seen on the 18th, and 2 on the 19th at Mt. Kenya area.

Eurasian Golden Oriole – Oriolus oriolus oriolus
One seen at Tsavo West on the 16th, one on the 20th at Samburu. Three seen along the coast on the 31st, and 2 in Sokoke Forest on the 1st.
1991 Trip
Only one female type was seen on the 22nd on the drive.

House Crow – Corvus splendens splendens
Very common at the coast in the vicinity of Malindi where it would always see-off the Pied Crow.

Brown Necked Raven – Corvus (ruficollis) edithae
1991 Trip
Good numbers seen at Marsabit and the Dida Galgalla Desert on the 22nd, 23rd, 24th and 25th.

Pied Crow – Corvus albus
Small numbers recorded at most sites visited but not present at Lake Baringo. Along the coast it was much harassed by the introduced House Crows and could be losing out there.
1991 Trip
Common and widespread and seen on 10 dates.

Fan Tailed Raven – Corvus rhipidurus
Two seen at Samburu on the 20th,with good numbers present all the time at Lake Baringo.
1991 Trip
Recorded on 7 dates, with a maximum of 20 on the 22nd


Fan-tailed Ravens

Cape Rook – Corvus capensis
One seen on the 24th and 3 on the 25th in the Lake Naivasha area.
1991 Trip
Recorded in small numbers on 6 dates with a maximum of 10 on the 25th on the journey to Maralal.

Kenrick’s Starling – Poeoptera kenricki bensoni
1991 Trip
A lucky find, was a single bird found on the 20th, in the Marau Forest.

Stuhlmann’s Starling – Poeoptera stuhlmanni
1991 Trip
Only seen in the Kakamega Forest, with 10 on the 28th, 15 on the 29th and the 1st.

Waller’s (Chestnut Winged) Starling – Onychognathus walleri walleri
1991 Trip
Six seen on the 18th and 19th and 4 on the 20th, at Mt. Kenya.

Red Winged Starling – Onychognathus morio
Five seen on the journey to Lake Baringo on the 22nd, and 2 in the Masai Mara on the 26th.
1991 Trip
Eight seen on the 18th and 20 on the 20th in the Mt. Kenya area.

Slender-Billed (Chestnut Winged) Starling – Onychognathus tenuirostris theresae
1991 Trip
Two were found on the 20th, in the Marau Forest.

Bristle Crowned Starling – Onychognathus salvadorii
Only seen at the cliff-face at Lake Baringo with 8 on the 23rd, and 2 on the 24th.
1991 Trip
Seen at Marsabit with 10 on the 22nd, 2 on the 23rd and 1 on the 24th. Also 5 on the 27th at Lake Baringo cliff-face.

Black Bellied (Breasted) Starling – Lamprotornis corruscus mandamus
Two seen at Gedi on the 30th. Also seen in Sokoke Forest with 5 on the 1st, 8 on the 2nd, and 10 on the 3rd.

Purple (Glossy) Starling – Lamprotornis purpureus amethystinus
1991 Trip
Four of these uncommon starlings were seen on the 30th in the Madende Creek/River Nzoia area.

Blue Eared (Glossy) Starling – Lamprotornis chalybaeus
Small numbers seen at a number of inland sites but not seen at the coast. Maximum of 100 seen on the 21st.
1991 Trip
Recorded in good numbers on ten dates.


Adult Blue Eared (Glossy) Starling

Ruppell’s Long Tailed (Glossy) Starling – Lamprotornis purpuropterus
Good numbers seen at Lake Baringo with up to 100 in a day being logged.
1991 Trip
Recorded on 7 dates, but in smaller numbers than the previous trip


Ruppell’s Long Tailed (Glossy) Starling

Hildebrandt’s Starling – Lamprotornis hildebrandti
Small numbers seen at Amboseli with 15 on the 16th, 10 on the 17th and in the Masai Mara with 10 on the 26th, and 4 on the 27th
1991 Trip
Two seen on the 17th near Nairobi, 15 on the 26th, and singles on the 3rd and 6th in the Masai Mara.


Adult Hildebrandt’s Starling

Superb Starling – Lamprotornis superbus
Very common and widespread, but not seen along the coast.
1991 Trip
Very common,with up to 100 being seen on several days. Recorded on a total of 14 days.


Adult Superb Starling

Golden Breasted Starling – Cosmopsarus regius
Three seen on the 19th and 4 on the 20th feeding at a carcass at Samburu

Violet Backed Starling – Cinnyricinclus leucogaster
Just 2 seen in the Masai Mara on the 26th.
1991 Trip
Singles seen on the 19th at Mt. Kenya, and the 5th and 6th in the Masai Mara


Adult male Violet-backed Starling

Abbott’s Starling – Cinnyricinclus femoralis
1991 Trip
One seen on Mt. Kenya on the 18th.

Sharpe’s Starling – Cinnyricinclus sharpii
1991 Trip
Just seen at Mt. Kenya, with 1 on the 18th and a flock of 30 on the 19th.

Fischer’s Starling – Spreo fischeri
Three seen on the 20th, at Samburu.
1991 Trip
Twenty were seen on the 25th.

Magpie Starling – Speculipastor bicolour
1991 Trip
This nomadic starling was seen on the 21st when 2 were found in Samburu and on the 26th when 10 were seen at a road stop en route to the Rift Valley.


Adult Female Magpie-Starling

Wattled Starling – Creatophora cinerea
Large numbers seen at several inland parks but not seen at the coast. Up to 300 present in the Lake Baringo area.
1991 Trip
Two seen on the 20th, 22nd and 25th and fair numbers on the 27th at Lake Baringo



Wattled Starlings

Red-Billed Oxpecker – Buphagus erythrorhynchus
Two seen in Nairobi Nat. Pk. on the 14th, one at Tsavo West on the 15th, and 10 at Amboseli on the 16th.  Two on the 19th and 4 on the 20th at Samburu.
1991 Trip
Recorded on 7 dates in small numbers, with a maximum of 15 on the 4th.

Yellow-Billed Oxpecker – Buphagus africanus africanus
Eight seen at Tsavo West on the 15th, and 10 on the 17th at Amboseli.
1991 Trip
Two seen on the 17th near Nairobi, and 2 on the 4th in the Masai Mara.

Plain Backed Sunbird – Anthreptes reichenowi yokanae
Only seen in Sokoke Forest with 2 on the 1st, and 3 on the 2nd.

Eastern Violet Backed Sunbird – Anthreptes orientalis
Three seen on the 19th and 5 on the 20th at Samburu, and 8 at Lake Baringo on the 23rd.
1991 Trip
One seen on the 22nd, 6 on the 24th, 4 on the 26th, and 8 on the 27th.

Amani Sunbird – Anthreptes pallidgaster
A pair located in the Brachystegia woodland in Sokoke Forest on the 3rd.

Collared Sunbird – Anthreptes collaris
Two seen on the 18th at Outspan in the Aberdates, otherwise seen only along the coast on five dates.
1991 Trip
Recorded on 7 dates with a maximum of 10 on the 20th.


Adult male Collared Sunbird

Olive Sunbird – Nectarinia olivacea changamwensis
Just one identified in Sokoke Forest on the 3rd.
1991 Trip
One seen on the 18th, and 10 on the 29th, in the Kakamega Forest.

Green Headed Sunbird – Nectarinia verticalis viridisplendens
1991 Trip
A single bird found at Mountain Lodge on the 19th, with 2 seen on the 29th and singles on the 30th and the 1st in the Kakamega area.

Green Throated Sunbird – Nectarinia rubescens kakamegae
1991 Trip
Just a single bird found in the Kakamega Forest on the 29th.

Amethyst Sunbird – Nectarinia amethystine
1991 Trip
One seen on the 19th and 2 on the 20th at Moru Lodge, and 4 on the 24th at Marsabit.

Scarlet Chested Sunbird – Nectarinia senegalensis
1991 Trip
Four seen on the 30th, at Madende Creek/River Nzoia area, and singles in the Masai Mara on the 3rd and 4th.

Hunter’s Sunbird – Nectarinia hunteri
Recorded on six dates, at several inland sites, with a maximum of ten seen on the 16th at Amboseli.
1991 Trip
Singles recorded on the 21st and 22nd at Samburu, and on the 26th.



Adult male Hunter’s Sunbird

Variable Sunbird – Nectarinia venusta
Small numbers, recorded at Nairobi, Hunters Lodge, and the Aberdares.
1991 Trip
Recorded on 8 dates at various sites, with a maximum of 15 on the 20th.

Olive Bellied Sunbird – Nectarinia chloropygia orphogaster
1991 Trip
Eight seen on the 30th Madende Creek/River Nzoia area.

Northern Double Collared Sunbird – Nectarinia preussi kikuyuensis
1991 Trip
Twenty recorded on the 18th.

Eastern Double Collared Sunbird – Nectarinia mediocris
1991 Trip
Twelve seen on the 19th with 6 on the 20th in the Mt. Kenya area, with 2 on the 28th.

Marico (Mariqua) Sunbird – Nectarinia mariquensis
Up to 5 seen on a day on six dates at inland sites.
1991 Trip
Four seen on the 21st at Samburu, with 1 on the 26th.


Adult male Marico Sunbird

(Little) Purple Banded Sunbird – Nectarinia bifasciata microrhyncha
One seen at the coast at Watmau on the 30th, and three seen in mangroves at Midas Creek on the 1st.

Copper Sunbird – Nectarinia cuprea
1991 Trip
Three, seen on the 30th,in the Madende Creek/River Nzoia area.

Tacazze Sunbird – Nectarinia tacazze jacksoni
1991 Trip
Seen on in the Mt. Kenya area, with 4 on the 19th and 3 on the 20th.

Bronze Sunbird – Nectarinia kilmensis kilmensis
Ten seen in Nairobi Nat. Pk. on the 14th, with 6 on the 18th and 4 on the 19th in the Aberdares.
1991 Trip
Four seen on the 18th, and 1 on the 20th at Mt. Kenya, also singles on the 28th, 30th, and the 5th.


Adult male Bronze Sunbird

Golden Winged Sunbird – Nectarinia reichenowi
1991 Trip
Ten of these stunning sunbirds were seen on the 20th, near Mt. Kenya. Must be one of the best subrids in the world. Superb!

Malachite Sunbird – Nectarinia famosa cupreonitens
Only seen at Outspan in the Aberdares, with 4 on the 18th, and 2 on the 21st.
1991 Trip
Only 1 seen on the 28th.

Red Chested Sunbird – Nectarinia erythrocerca
1991 Trip
Two,seen on the 1st,and 6 on the 2nd in the Kisumu area. This bird I had previously mis-identified on the last trip, so it was a nice claw back for me.

 

Adult male Red-chested Sunbird

Beautiful Sunbird – Nectarinia pulchella
Four were seen at Amboseli on the 16th, and 17th, and at Lake Baringo with 4 on the 22nd and 15 on the 23rd.
1991 Trip
Six seen on the 17th, in the Nairobi area, but strangely not recorded again


Poor record shot of an adult male Beautiful Sunbird.

Shining Sunbird – Nectarinia habessinica turkanae
1991 Trip
Two seen on the 26th on the way to Baringo.

Grey Headed Sparrow – Passer griseus
Very common and widespread, although less common at the coast
1991 Trip
Only logged on five dates, but probably others were not identified.


Grey-headed Sparrow

Parrot Billed Sparrow – Passer gongonensis
Very difficult to identify from the previous species and tentatively identified only at Amboseli with 5 on the 16th.
1991 Trip
Identified on five dates. Common at Samburu, with 70 on the 21st, and 40 on the 22nd


Parrot Billed Sparrow

Swahili Sparrow – Passer suahelicus
1991 Trip
Only identified in the Masai Mara, with 6 on the 5th and 2 on the 6th

Rufous Sparrow – Passer rufocinctus
Seen at Nairobi with 6 on the 14th, and 2 on the 15th. Also seen at the Rift Valley Lakes, with 25 on the 24th, and 20 on the 25th.
1991 Trip
Recorded in fair numbers on 5 dates, with a maximum of 60 on the 6th.


Adult male Rufous Sparrow

Somali Sparrow – Passer castanopterus fulgens
1991 Trip
A special visit to Kapedo village on the 26th produced 5 of these sparrows feeding in the village.

House Sparrow – Passer domesticus indicus
Just 3 seen at Malindi on the 1st.

Chestnut Sparrow – Passer eminibey
Only seen at Lake Baringo, with 20 on the 23rd and 50 on the 24th.
1991 Trip
15 seen at Lake Baringo on the 26th, with 40 on the journey on the 6th.

Yellow Spotted Petronia – Petronia pyrgita
Just a single bird seen in the Masai Mara on the 26th.
1991 Trip
Two seen on the 17th, in the Nairobi area, with singles seen at Lake Baringo on the 26th and 27th. 

White Headed Buffalo Weaver – Dinemellia dinemelli dinemelli
Good numbers seen at Amboseli, and Samburu and also seen on some of the road journeys.
1991 Trip
Recorded on 9 dates in good numbers


Adult White Headed Buffalo Weaver

Red Billed Buffalo Weaver – Bubalornis niger intermedius
Very common at Tsavo West, with 100 being seen on the 16th. Six were also seen on the 20th at Samburu.
1991 Trip
Seen on 4 dates, but commonest at Samburu with up to 30 in a day there.


Adult male Red Billed Buffalo Weaver

White Billed Buffalo Weaver – Bubalornis albirostris
Only seen at Lake Baringo with 20 on the 22nd and 10 on the 23rd.
1991 Trip
Just 2 seen on the 27th at Lake Baringo


Adult male White Billed Buffalo Weaver

Donaldson-Smith Sparrow Weaver – Plocepasser donaldsoni
1991 Trip
Fifteen seen at Samburu on the 21st. Also seen in the Dida-Galgalla Desert / Marsabit area, with 20 on the 23rd, 30 on the 24th and 6 on the 25th


Donaldson-Smith Sparrow Weaver

White Browed Sparrow Weaver – Plocepasser mahali melanorhynchus
Very common at Tsavo West, Amboseli, and Samburu.
1991 Trip
Recorded commonly on 6 dates.


White Browed Sparrow Weavers

Grey Capped (Headed) Social Weaver – Pseudonigrita arnaudi
Two seen on the journeys on the 15th and 16th. 30 seen in the Masai Mara on the 26th, and 27th, these belonged to the race of “dorsalis”.
1991 Trip
200 were seen on the 17th in the Nairobi area.



Grey Capped Social Weavers

Black Capped Social Weaver – Pseudonigrita cabanisi
1991 Trip
Only seen at Samburu, with 4 on the 21st and 6 on the 22nd.

Speckle Fronted Weaver – Sporopipes frontalis emini
Just two seen feeding in the Masai Mara on the 26th
1991 Trip
Four seen on the 21st at Samburu


Speckle Fronted Weaver

Grosbeak Weaver – Amblyospiza albifrons
1991 Trip
Just a single bird found on the 18th, in the reeds from the Tana River Road Bridge, and belonged to the race of “Montana”.

Baglafecht (Reichenow’s) Weaver – Ploceus baglafecht
This species caused confusion with its various races but was recorded at a number of inland sites, chiefly in the highlands at Nairobi and the Aberdares, where it was common at both places.
1991 Trip
Very common and widespread and seen on all but 3 dates.


Adult male Baglafecht (Reichenow’s) Weaver

Slender Billed Weaver – Ploceus pelzelni pelzelni
1991 Trip
Six found on the 2nd at Lake Victoria.

Little Weaver – Ploceus luteolus luteolus
Only seen at Lake Baringo, with 2 on the 22nd, and 10 on the 23rd.
1991 Trip
Six seen on the 26th, on the journey from Maralal.

Spectacled Weaver – Ploceus ocularis
One in Nairobi on the 13th, 3 on the 24th at the Rift Valley Lakes, and singles on the 26th and 27th in the Masai Mara.
1991 Trip
Small numbers recorded on 7 dates, at various sites, with a maximum of 4 on the 17th.

Black Billed Weaver – Ploceus melanogaster stephanophorus
1991 Trip
Two singles of this uncommon weaver, were seen in the Kakamega Forest on the 29th and the 1st.

Black Necked Weaver – Ploceus nigricollis
1991 Trip
Just seen at Kakamega, with singles on the 28th and 29th and 2 on the 30th.

Brown Capped Weaver – Ploceus insignis
1991 Trip
A male found on the 24th at Marsabit, and 1 seen on the 29th, in the Kakamega Forest.

Holub’s Golden Weaver – Ploceus xanthops
Just a fine male seen in Nairobi Nat. Pk. on the 15th was our only sighting.
1991 Trip
Singles seen on the 18th, 30th in the River Nzoia / Madende Creek area, and in the Masai Mara on the 4th and 6th.

African Golden Weaver – Ploceus subaureus auroflavus
Up to 100, seen at Sabaki Marsh, near the coast on the 31st.
1991 Trip
15 seen on the 18th.

Golden Palm Weaver – Ploceus bojeri
Small numbers seen at Samburu with up to 10 on three dates, and 12 seen in the vicinity of Gedi, close to palm trees on the 2nd and 4 on the 3rd.
1991 Trip
Just 2 seen on the 21st at Samburu.

Taveta Golden Weaver – Ploceus castaneiceps
Only seen at Amboseli, with 50 seen on the 3 dates there.

Northern Brown Throated Weaver – Ploceus castanops
1991 Trip
Just a single male, found around the edge of Lake Victoria in the papyrus, on the 1st.

Yellow Backed Weaver – Ploceus melanocephalus fischeri
1991 Trip
Six seen on the 30th, in the Madende Creek / River Nzoia area.

Jackson’s Golden Backed Weaver – Ploceus jacksoni
1991 Trip
Two seen on the 1st, and 12 on the 2nd at Kisumu / Lake Victoria area.

Vitelline Masked Weaver – Ploceus velatus uluensis
Twenty recorded at Lake Baringo on the 23rd.
1991 Trip
Six seen on the 17th, in the Nairobi area, and 2 on the 22nd.

Lesser Masked Weaver – Ploceus intermedius intermedius
Two seen at Nairobi on the 14th, and very common in the Masai Mara area, with 100+ on both the 26th and 27th.
1991 Trip
10 seen on the 21st, at Samburu, with 30 on the 27th.

Northern Masked Weaver – Ploceus taeniopterus taeniopterus
Only seen at Lake Baringo, with 20 on the 22nd, 40 on the 23rd, and 100 on the 24th.
1991 Trip
Again, only seen at Lake Baringo, with 20 on the 27th


Adult male Northern Masked Weaver

Speke’s Weaver – Ploceus spekei
Large numbers roosting at Treetops on the 21st and 22nd with an estimate of 5000 birds.
1991 Trip
So different to the previous trip, with just 6 being seen on the 19th, at Mountain Lodge



Adult male Speke’s Weaver

Black Headed Weaver – Ploceus cucullatus
Up to 50 present at Samburu on the 19th, 20th, and 21st. The distinctive race “paroptus”, formerly “nigriceps” (also known as Layard’s Black Headed Weaver) was identified on the 16th when 12 were seen and on the 31st, at Sabaki Swamp near the coast, when up to 20 were seen.
1991 Trip
Recorded in good numbers on six dates



Adult male Black Headed Weavers

Vieillot’s Black Weaver – Ploceus nigerrimus nigerrimus
1991 Trip
This uncommon weaver was seen only on the 29th, when a single was found in the Kakamega Forest.

Chestnut Weaver – Ploceus rubiginosus rubiginosus
1991 Trip
Only seen in Samburu, with 25 on the 21st and 6 on the 22nd.

Dark Backed Weaver – Ploceus bicolour kersteni
Only seen in Sokoke Forest, with 9 on the 1st, 1 on the 2nd, and 4 on the 3rd.
1991 Trip
Only seen in the Kakamega Forest , with 2 on the 29th, and 4 on the 1st. These belonged to the race “mentalis”.

Red Headed Weaver – Anaplectes rubriceps
A pair at their nest in Samburu on the 19th and 20th
1991 Trip
One seen on the 20th, at Samburu, with 3 on the 27th, and 1 on the 28th


Adult male Red Headed Weaver at nest

Red Headed Malimbe – Malimbus rubricollis rubricollis
1991 Trip
This fine species was found in the Kakamega Forest, with 2 on the 28th and 4 on the 29th.

Red Billed Quelea – Quelea quelea aethiopica
Odd flocks recorded inland but common and widespread along the coast.
1991 Trip
Just 10 seen on the 21st, at Samburu.

Zanzibar Red Bishop – Euplectes nigroventris
A single male in full breeding plumage was found along the Sabaki River on the 31st.

Black Winged Red Bishop – Euplectes hordeaceus
A male in full breeding plumage, associating with weavers at Sabaki Swamp on the 31st.

Northern Red Bishop – Euplectes franciscanus franciscanus
1991 Trip
Just a single bird found on the 27th, at Lake Baringo.

Yellow Bishop – Euplectes capensis crassirostris
A male, seen briefly on the journey to Tsavo West, on the 15th.
1991 Trip
Four seen in the Masai Mara on the 4th.

Fan Tailed Widowbird – Euplectes axillaries phoeniceus
1991 Trip
Two seen on the 30th near River Nzoia, and 2 on the 2nd at Lake Victoria.

Yellow Mantled Widowbird – Euplectes macrourus
1991 Trip
Four seen on the 30th, at Madende Creek/River Nzoia area.

White Winged Widowbird – Euplectes albonotatus eques
1991 Trip
Ten seen on the 17th in the Nairobi area.

Red Collared ( Naped) Widowbird – Euplectes ardens
1991 Trip
Six seen on the 19th, near Mt. Kenya, with 2 on the 30th, near Kakamega.

Parasitic (Cuckoo Finch) Weaver – Anomalospiza imberbis
1991 Trip
Two found on the 30th, at Madende Creek/River Nzoia area.

Grey Headed Negrofinch – Nigrita canicapilla
1991 Trip
Four seen on the 19th at Mt. Kenya, and 2 on the 29th in the Kakamega Forest.

White Breasted Negrofinch – Nigrita fusconota fusconota
1991 Trip
Just a single bird, of this uncommon finch, seen on the 28th in the Kakamega Forest.

Green Winged Pytilia – Pytilia melba
Five seen on the cliff face at Lake Baringo on the 23rd.

Bar Breasted Firefinch – Lagonosticta rufopicta
1991 Trip
Six found on the 30th, at Madende Creek / River Nzoia area.

Red Billed Firefinch – Lagonosticta senegala ruberrima
Three seen on the 22nd, and 7 on the 23rd, at Lake Baringo.
1991 Trip
One seen on the 29th at Kakamega Forest, with 6 on the 30th at Madende Creek / River Nzoia, and 2 on the 3rd.
 

Adult male Red Billed Firefinch

African Firefinch – Lagonosticta rubricata hildebrandti
Four seen on the 18th, with four seen at Lake Baringo on the 23rd, and 2 on the 24th and 26th

Red Cheeked Cordon-Bleu – Uraeginthus bengalus
Two seen on the 24th at the Rift Valley Lakes, with 6 on the 26th in the Masai Mara and 2 on the 27th. Two seen at the coast on the 29th.
1991 Trip
Six seen on the 19th and 20th in the Mt. Kenya area, with 1 on the 30th at Madende Creek / River Nzoia area.


Adult male Red Cheeked Cordon-Bleu

Blue Capped Cordon-Bleu – Uraeginthus cyanocephalus
Twelve seen at Lake Baringo on the 23rd


Adult male Blue Capped Cordon-Bleu

Purple Grenadier – Uraeginthus ianthinogaster
Two seen at Samburu, on the 20th, one on the 23rd at Lake Baringo, and 2 on the 27th on the journey to Nairobi.
1991 Trip
Two seen on the 19th with 1 on the 20th in the Mt. Kenya area. Recorded in small
numbers on all four dates in the Masai Mara.


Adult male Purple Grenadier

Yellow Bellied Waxbill – Estrilda quartinia kilimensis
1991 Trip
Just one seen on the 18th, near Mt. Kenya.

Crimson Rumped Waxbill – Estrilda rhodopyga centralis
Recorded on 6 dates, chiefly inland, but 2 were seen at the coast on the 3rd. Maximum of 40 at Hunters Lodge on the 15th.
1991 Trip
Twelve seen on the 28th at Mt. Kenya.

Common Waxbill – Estrilda astrild 
Just identified at Outspan in the Aberdares, with 20 on the 18th.
1991 Trip
Six seen on the 22nd, with 2 on the 30th at Madende Creek, and 12 on the 4th in the Masai Mara.

Black Crowned Waxbill – Estrilda nonnula nonnula
1991 Trip
Just seen in the Kakamega Forest, with 2 on the 28th, 4 on the 29th and 2 on the 1st.

Black Headed Waxbill – Estrilda atricapilla graueri
1991 Trip
A flock of 25 were seen feeding on the ground on the way up Mt. Kenya on the 19th.


Black-headed Waxbills

Black Cheeked Waxbill – Estrilda charmosyna
Ten seen at the cliffs at Lake Baringo on the 23rd.
1991 Trip
Just a single bird seen on the 17th in the Nairobi area.

Quail-Finch – Ortygospiza atricollis muelleri
1991 Trip
Fifteen seen in the Nairobi Nat. Pk on the 17th.

Locust-Finch – Ortygospiza locustella uelensis
1991 Trip
A surprise find, was on the 30th when a single bird was found near Madende Creek. This species is considered a vagrant to Kenya, and this record is listed in the “Birds of Kenya” by Zimmerman et al.

African Silverbill – Lonchura cantans orienttalis
1991 Trip
Two seen on the 17th near Nairobi.

Grey Headed Silverbill – Lonchura griseicapilla
Twenty seen on the 16th and 8 on the 17th at Amboseli, and 10 on the 27th on the journey to Nairobi.

Bronze Mannakin – Llonchura cucullata
1991 Trip
Eight seen near Nairobi on the 17th, with 20 on the 30th at Madende Creek / River Nzoia area.

Black and White (Rufous Backed) Mannikin – Lonchura bicolour nigriceps
This distinctive race was seen at Outspan in the Aberdares, with 2 on the 18th, 5 on the 19th and 15 in the Aberdares on the 21st. Ten seen at Sabaki Swamp on the 31st.
1991 Trip
Ten seen on the 18th, with 6 in the Kakamega Forest on the 29th and 20 on the 30th at Madende Creek / River Nzoia area.

Cut-Throat Finch – Amadina fasciata
Two seen at Samburu on the 19th and 20th, with 3 at Lake Baringo on the 23rd.
1991 Trip
 A flock of 25 seen on the 21st, at Samburu


Adult male Cutthroat

Village Indigobird – Vidua chalybeata amauropteryx
Three seen at the coast, just north of Malindi on the 31st.
1991 Trip
One seen on the 30th by Madende Creek, and 2 on the 2nd by Kisumu, belonged to the race “centralis”.

Pin-Tailed Whydah – Vidua macroura
Adult males seen on the 21st in the Aberdares and on the 22nd. Also on the 24th on the journey to Lake Baringo.
1991 Trip
Two seen on the 30th at Madende Creek, 1 on the 2nd, with 2 in the Masai Mara on the 5th.

Straw Tailed Whydah – Vidua fischeri
1991 Trip
A male was found on the 22nd, on the drive to Marsabit.

Streaky Seedeater – Serinus striolatus striolatus
Two seen in Nairobi on the 13th and 14th. Also seen at Outspan in the Aberdares, with 10 on the 18th and 19th and 4 on the 21st.
1991 Trip
Forty seen on the 19th and 10 on the 20th at Mt. Kenya, with just one on the 3rd.


Streaky Seedeater

Yellow Rumped Seedeater – Serinus reichenowi
Seen at Lake Naivasha area, with 8 on the 24th and 10 on the 25th.
1991 Trip
Eight seen on the 17th near Nairobi, with 12 on the 3rd at Lake Naivasha.

Thick-Billed Seedeater – Serinus burtoni
1991 Trip
Seen at Mt. Kenya, with 4 on the 19th and 2 on the 20th, with 1 on the 28th at Kakamega.

Yellow Crowned (Cape) Canary – Serinus canicollis flavivertex
1991 Trip
Fifty seen at Mt. Kenya on the 19th, with 6 on the 28th at Kakamega.

African Citril – Serinus citrinelloides
Just 3 seen on the 18th.
1991 Trip
One seen on the 29th at the Kakamega Forest, with 6 on the 3rd and 4 on the 6th.

Papyrus Canary – Serinus koliensis
1991 Trip
Eight seen on the 2nd, in the papyrus at Lake Victoria. 

Yellow Fronted Canary – Serinus mozambicus
Up to 25 seen in the Masai Mara on the 26th, and 27th, and these belonged to the race “barbatus”, and small numbers seen along the coast on 4 dates belonged to the race “mozambicus”.
1991 Trip
Six seen on the 17th near Nairobi, with 1 on the 30th at Madende Creek / River Nzoia area, and on all four dates in the Masai Mara, with 15 on the 3rd, 10 on the 4th, 12 on the 5th and 8 on the 6th.

White Bellied Canary – Serinus dorsostriatus
Seen at Lake Baringo with 10 on the 23rd, and 6 on the 24th.
1991 Trip
Six seen on the 26th at Lake Baringo. 

Brimstone Canary – Serinus sulphuratus sharpii
Good numbers seen at the Rift Valley Lakes area, with 40 on the 24th and 15 on the 25th.
1991 Trip
One seen on the 20th, at Moru Lodge, and one on the 24th, at Marsabit, which would appear out of range for this species. Also seen in the Masai Mara with 2 on the 3rd, and the 5th


Adult male Brimstone Canary

Cinnamon Breasted Rock Bunting – Emberiza tahapisi tahaapisi
Only seen at Tsavo West, with 10 on the 15th, and 2 on the 16th.
1991 Trip
Just one seen on the 4th in the Masai Mara.

Somali Golden Breasted Bunting – Emberiza poliopleura
1991 Trip
Four seen on the 24th in the Dida-Galgalla Desert.

Mammals seen during our trips


Buffalo


Giraffe



Reticulated Giraffe



Warthogs


Genet 


Kirks Dik Dik




Lions


Rock Hyrax


Tree Hyrax


African Hare


Black and White Colobus Monkey





Elephants


Wildebeast and Zebra


Zebra



Grevy’s Zebras


Bushbuck



Waterbuck 


Crocodile


Monitor Lizard


Squirrel


Impala


Thompson’s Gazelles


Grant’s Gazelle.



Topi



Oryx


Eland



Gerenuks


Rhino



 

Cheetahs



Leopard


Gunters Dik Dik


Banded Mongoose


Kudus


Hippos


Black-backed Jackal


Spotted Hyena with pup.


Bohar Reedbucks


Hartebeasts


Diademed Guenons taken at dusk.

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